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What is Cyber Range? Its Imposing Impact on Cybersecurity

A cyber range is a virtual abode that companies can use for cyberwarfare and cyberattacks combatting techniques and software testing services. These complex IT environs allow companies to get hands-on experiences in handling specific real-world scenarios, train employees and customers on the latest threats, and are important for tackling modern cyberattacks and data breaches. Cyber ranges are being actively used by the military and government agencies, private organizations(software development and cybersecurity), and other private entities with a focus on cybersecurity.

What is a Cyber Range used for?


Cybersecurity and cyber ranges_ImpactQA

Cyber ranges are useful and offer a number of advantages to an organization. The employees can leverage the new tools and methods, experiment more freely, and not be afraid of having negative effects on the organizations’ critical infrastructure. This way, the organization can drastically up-level the training programs, improve cybersecurity skills, and quickly identify team members that have the perfect traits of cybersecurity experts. The most common use case is scenario training. For example, the organization gives a group of participants access to the cyber range and brief the scenarios to the, and put a few tasks to achieve the end goal within a set amount of time period. Scenarios are supposed to be quite explicit and elaborate and the participants need to be competitive to achieve them. Once the target is achieved within the minimum time frame, a group of participants is given access to the cyber range, a debrief of the scenario, and a list of objectives to complete within a set amount of time. 

Cyber ranges are also ideal for mission rehearsal. A cyber range is invaluable for the complex upgrades and configuration changes. The mission needs to be mock executed, many times before going live in the production server. Using a cyber range for practice alleviates the uncertainty of what will happen and reduces the potential downtime a failed operation may incur. However, a cyber range can be used to train and assess employees and potential ones. Using a cyber range, you don’t have to expose employees to core, critical infrastructure, rather it should help identify the can-do candidates in the team.  

How do you choose the best Cyber Range for your needs?

Cyber ranges vary according to the scenarios. For example, a group of school students score a few old computers, create small networks, complete the webserver run in web apps, and practice application penetration. This would make sense for a user case of cyber range.  Such cases for the cyber range are easy to identify. Byt this can have a lot of back work and calculations and can become very limited in a small amount of time. In the example, the candidate who penetrates the web application wins and others can learn from the person who won.  

A more sophisticated cyber range will take the pros of virtualization and enterprise-level hardware. Even in penetration testing services, cyber ranges can be very useful as they allow for more centralized administration and quick adjustments with minimal effort.  

An effective cyber range gives advantages of virtualization technology and virtual machines that make the cyber range intuitive at a large scale and adjust and account for users, teams, scoring, and metrics. The environments are dynamic and adjustable by the moderators at any time, if required. This functionality should be seamless to users and not require administrators, content authors, or instructors to be experts in virtualization platforms. A functional cyber range provides insightful views depending on the different roles. For example, moderators are given the central view from their dashboard to monitor each participant’s actions and progress. Moderators need a report of how the different employees or candidates scored. 

A good cyber range also guarantees the content is reusable and easy to modify again and again. By reusing content, like a preconfigured network for both the basic and advanced course, a course author can create two courses at a significantly faster pace than if the network had to be redefined from scratch each time. It is how a team can practice an operation repeatedly with the click of a button. To create an effective cybersecurity training program, a cyber range with these capabilities is essential.   


Benefits of Cyber Range Solutions

With cyberattacks on the rise, there’s a real need for additional training to train corporates and government officials to handle major threats as they appear. Even the security testing agencies have been using the use cases to prepare the testers to safeguard the interests of the client’s data.
Virtual cyber ranges offer many advantages to security testers that can help your organization prepare and deal with potential threats. These advantages include:

1. Experiencing real-world threats in a safe environment:

Cyber ranges allow your teams to experience real-world cyber threats in a virtual environment. These experiments are controlled and you can set the parameters an individual will experience, and you can repeat the use case as many times as you want.

2. Learn how to recognize and handle threats:

As the team is trained against modern threats, the testing teams will learn how to identify potential threats and deal with them effectively.

3. Validate your proof of concepts:

Software testing can use cyber range applications to determine virtual POCs. The testing possibilities make cyber ranges the perfect choice for verifying new ideas, testing market viability, and more.

4. Save your business time and money:

Security testing labs are a cost-effective approach to cybersecurity, being easily deployable and requiring less capital as they need to be set just once.

5. Virtual environments are always up to date:

Once the cybersecurity labs are established, it’s easy for the development team to make new updates and exploit new features, as the testing team is available to combat any sort of security breach and test against the threats the organization gets.

6. Scale-up as you grow:

On-premise labs are costly to upgrade and maintain. With a Security testing partner with a virtual environment, you only pay for the resources you need. You can scale them up as you grow, and future-proof your company.

Implement Cyber Range Technology With The Entrusted Security Testing Partner


Cybersecurity Experts_ImpactQA

Cloud-based solutions are popular for the flexibility they provide. Having a Security Testing Partner with full proof cybersecurity labs is the most viable and effective solution with almost negligible cost to be incurred. If your company is looking to deploy a cyber range, you will want to consider what your needs are, your testing partner can help you identify those and offer dedicated cyber ranges, virtual IT labs, and other platforms that are capable of servicing your cybersecurity needs.

Schedule a call with our Testing Experts to discuss your cybersecurity needs. 

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Database Testing: Practical Tips & Necessary Insights

Database testing is one of the most essential parts of software testing today. Database comprises of the most essential element in any application development and to ensure that the data being used is accurate, sorted, free from errors and includes all the necessary elements that you may require throughout you application is essential for a developer to create a smooth functioning and effective application in future.

Today the complexity of applications has been increased to a great extent. Therefore, stronger and more secure database is required for your applications to be successful.

Currently there are a lot of Database Testing tools available in the market that can make this process of database testing easier and much faster by automating the entire process saving you a lot of time in testing. These tools include Oracle 10g, MS-Access2010, MS SQL Server 2008 r2, PostgreSQL, Oracle Financial, MySQL,  DB2 etc. 

In this blog we will primarily look into the basics of Database testing, its types, some tips and common misconceptions testers have with regards to including this process as a part of their regular application testing process.


All About Database Testing

Database testing is a layered process that includes a user interface, business layer, data access and the database layer itself. The User interface deals with the design of the database whereas the business layer includes the supporting business strategies. Each of these layers works collaboratively to provide complete and fully responsive applications. It’s a type of software testing that checks the schema, tables, triggers, etc. of the database being tested. It checks data integrity and consistency and involves creating complex queries to load/stress test the database and check its responsiveness to different scenarios.


ImpactQA - Database testing


Why should you opt for Database Testing?

Database testing ensures the validity of a data values and information received and stored in a database. It helps save data loss, saves aborted transaction data and no unauthorized access to the information is allowed with it. It is important for all software application testing therefore, testers must have good knowledge of SQL for database testing to start with.

  1. Database testing helps avoid hidden fault in an application. Identifying these faults is integral to testing as this ensures any possibilities of data loss, incomplete or incorrectly stored data before running it into your systems.
  2. The GUI is the most critical part of an application. Proper database testing ensures that the database that’s incorporated within the app and appears on the GUI is validated for smooth user experience.
  3. Proper database testing can help reduce the number of backend calls one may receive in case of queries from the end-user.
  4. It also ensures that no harmful or incorrect data is saved at the backend of your application.


Essential Questions you must ask before starting a Database Testing Routine for your Software 

Questions you need to ask related to database structure:

  1.     Is the data set organized logically?
  2.     Is the database performing well?
  3.     Are the objects related to your database like views, triggers, stored procedures, functions etc. working correctly?
  4.     Are you facing issues in storing the correct form of data in your data system?
  5.     Is your data secured from unauthorized success?

Questions you need to ask related to your data:

  1. Is your data complete?
  2. Is your data factually correct?
  3. Have you eliminated any unnecessary elements from your data?


Database Testing Categories


Database Testing can be divided into 7 major categories:

ImpactQA - Performance Testing Categories 1. Metadata testing

Metadata testing is done to verify that the table definitions used in the case conform to the data model and application design specifications mentioned in the beginning.


 2. Data Quality Testing

Data quality test helps verify the accuracy and quality of the data used. It’s mostly done by data profiling that helps identify any quality issues in the production system once the application has been made a life for a little while. 


 3. Reference Data Testing

There are instances when users come across fields containing values not found in the valid set. This happens when database fields contain a limited set of enumerated values. Reference data testing is used to verify such data tabs.


 4. Database Procedure Unit Testing

You can always have database procedures with business logistics in an app. You must examine the database procedure structure and derive test data from the program logic as an included part of the white box testing process.  


5. Database Regression Testing

Database regression testing is done to identify any issues that might occur due to changes in the database metadata, procedures or system upgrades in your application.


6. Database Integration Testing

The whole idea integration testing is to validate that the database tables and procedures are getting populated with the expected data based on input provided in the application while being tested from the UI.


7. Database Performance Testing

Database performance is the most essential element of application performance testing. Often, development environments lack the appropriate amount of data for performance testing of the database. It happens because mostly the project is very new and the database only has a small amount of test data or production data has PII information which cannot be loaded into the test database without scrubbing. The applications behave differently with different volumes of data. Setting up realistic test data using one of the following strategies is key to performance testing:

  1. Mask and refresh test data in the test environments from the production environment.
  2. Generate a larger volume of test data using data generation tools.

 Also Read: Black Box Testing: Types and Techniques

Database Testing Process


ImpactQA - Database Testing Process

Below mentioned is the step-by-step process used for a smooth Database Testing:

1. Identify the Scope

Before starting any testing process the first step is to identify what all needs to be covered in the testing process. The primary thing to identify the data set that impacting the performance if your application the most. Based on these identifications, various aspects like data verification, schema verification, health checks, database guideline checks, security checks etc. are executed.


2. Set up the Testing Environment

Next step is to establish a functioning testing environment for the process to be carried out with ease.


3. Create a Test Scenario

This step includes creating test cases for conducting the test. It involves different inputs and different transactions related to the database.


4. Execute Test

In this step, the test codes defined in the testing process are executed.


5. Analyze

Following the execution process, this process includes analyzing all the outputs received in an orderly manner that enables valuable conclusions that can be referred to in the decision-making process for the future.


6. Report defects and monitor

Next step is to identify any trends that can be picked from the analyses of your test results and making necessary tweaks and fixes to the scripts to be able to avoid making the same mistakes twice. Including this as a continuous practice in your test regime can result in identifying any particular pattern (if exists) in the testing process and address then in advance.


7. Test Script Reuse

Once the defects have been identified and a pattern has been discovered in your test script, the same script can be reused for regression test execution. You can use a previously tweaked test code and if possible, schedule the execution of the test at a stipulated period to run it as and when required.


8. Cross-checking with UI Test Report

Last but not the least, in this step the database testing results are crosschecked with the UI testing to match the results before moving further.


Important Guidelines and Tips for Database Testing


You need to keep the scope for testing and challenges in mind before devising a strategy for database testing in applications.

The important testing guidelines are mentioned below:

  1. List your requirements well in advance from all possible resources and map your requirements before proceeding with your test. This will help avoid chaos and any possible last-minute confusions.
  2. Create proper text scenarios for each requirement and organize your data sets.
  3. Ensure all the testing entities that you may require in your application is represented in the database. Also, ensure that unnecessary data elements are removed from your dataset.
  4. Try focusing on response time to check your database performance accurately.
  5. If you wish to test the database objects like stored procedures, make sure you design the test data in interesting ways and predict the output of the stored procedure.
  6. Try designing invalid test data sets to check database constraints and update them in your database.
  7. To do a security testing for your database, try designing tests that mimic unauthorized access. This would show if you can view, modify or delete the restricted database for future use.
  8. Design valid test data set for all application entity to test proper data integrity. Ensure each data in the test data set has been inserted/ updated in the database.
  9. Try keeping your queries as simple as possible to prevent defects in your SQL queries.
  10. Try getting your queries reviewed by someone other than the author of your test code to review the queries.

 Misconceptions related to Database Testing:

People have added a lot of misconceptions about database testing stating that it reduces efficiency, slows down processes and disrupts the testing cycle for tests. Well, below we have addressed some of these misconceptions that are ‘not true’.


  •       The process is too lengthy to be executed at a go: it’s super simple and easy to execute. 
  •       Database testing adds more bottles necks in the testing process: it clears down process makes testing lot more smoother.
  •       Testing slows down your overall development process: it adds efficiency in your work and reduces the chances of redundancy
  •       It adds cost to your IT testing budget: It’s anytime worth the investment
  •       It requires an in-depth knowledge of SQL that can be exhaustive: even the most basic awareness about SQL is enough.



Here we have precisely talked about the basics of all you need to know about database testing and why you should be including it in you application testing process. it is important to note that though some may see it as a tiresome process that increases bottlenecks into the application testing timeline, database testing can help avoid a lot of hidden faults in your data that can potentially hamper the overall user experience of a customer.

Having understood the complex requirement of database testing in the app testing process, for you as a business owner, it’s essential to approach the right software testing service provider that’s competent enough to give accurate testing results, follows the correct procedure and addresses all minor a major details to give you trusted testing services for your future projects. Contact ImpactQA for your next application testing needs.

Schedule a call now!! 


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How is Kubernetes Transforming the DevOps Space?

DevOps revolutionized the software world with its capability to shorten the system development life cycle while providing continuous delivery with high software quality. 

It bridged the divide between the two chief practices: software development and IT operations. But as technology progressed, it became apparent that additional technology was required to manage DevOps on a large scale. Without apt configuration management in place, many issues arose in the proper functioning of applications. 

The primary reason for the issues that arose with the running software was the conflict in the goals of IT and application configuration. This is where Kubernetes came to the rescue with its functionalities.

DevOps Kubernetes alleviated these issues in addition to providing automation, deployment, and agile methodologies for software integration and deployment. It allowed developers to create potent computer clusters for high performance and effective delivery.

To understand how Kubernetes changing DevOps has affected the delivery of applications, you must have a rudimentary understanding of what clusters are and how they work:

What are computer clusters?

A computer cluster consists of two or more computers over a network which works together to carry out tasks as a single system. This link created between several computers leads to a singular system that is faster, has more storage capacity, is more reliable, and has excellent availability of resources.

How do they help?

Computer clusters provide an enterprise with many benefits:

  • More cost-efficient: Computer clusters are as stable as a mainframe computer and have the capability of performing at a higher level without the heavy costs that you have to incur while purchasing a mainframe computer.
  • High processing speed: These clusters can compete with a supercomputer in terms of speed.
  • Improved resource availability: Computers come across frequent breakdowns, so to eliminate this failure, cluster computers are available with high availability. In case one of the nodes fails the other nodes will get activated, functioning as a proxy for the failed node. This makes sure for enhanced availability.
  • Increased Elasticity: Cluster computing provides its user with enhanced scalability and elasticity. As clustering allows you to add multiple computers, making your current system efficacious.

This is why computer clusters are essential for many businesses, especially in the financial, industrial, and public sectors. 

Also Read: DevOps and the Future of QA

Why do we need Kubernetes DevOps to run these clusters?

An enterprise might face many problems while running an application in a cluster of computers if the surrounding environments are not similar. A developed application might require a specific version of the software, which hasn’t been installed on the system.

A container puts an end to this complication. A container consists of a program that has to be executed and all its dependencies, such as the code, runtime, and system libraries, bound together in a box.

Container technology caught the public’s attention in 2013. The coherence and cost-efficiency containerization can offer, quickly made it a trend in cloud computing.

Controlling these containers at the cluster scale requires a specialized software tool that allows cluster management via a graphical user interface or command line. Kubernetes DevOps is a tool that allows you to do just that and more.


What is Kubernetes DevOps?

Kubernetes is an open-source platform that allows its users to manage containerized workloads and services. 

Kubernetes was created by Google to solve the problem of automation in terms of deployment, scaling, and management of applications in containers.

Kubernetes DevOps facilitates both declarative configuration and automation. It has a large, rapidly growing ecosystem. Kubernetes transforming DevOps services, support, and tools are widely available. 

What are the benefits of DevOps Kubernetes?

Enterprises, SME’s as well as start-ups all around the world are assimilating container technology and Kubernetes DevOps at an astounding pace. 

If you have been thinking about adopting this technology for your company. It is pivotal to acknowledge and understand the requirements of your company. Incorporating Kubernetes just because it has become a technological fad is not the right way to approach things. 

Rather, the contrivance should be helpful to your business, operational, and strategic goals. 

Let’s take a look at some of the benefits of Kubernetes DevOps to understand whether you should deploy it for your company:  


1. Workload Scalability

  • Horizontal infrastructure scaling: Kubernetes DevOps allows you to scale horizontally by operating at an individual server level. This scaling allows you to add or remove new servers effortlessly.
  •  Auto-scaling: Kubernetes can increase or reduce the number of containers automatically depending on CPU utilization.
  • Manual scaling: The number of containers can be manually scaled using a command in Kubernetes DevOps.

2. High Accessibility

The ability of Kubernetes DevOps to address the availability of both applications and infrastructure, making it essential when deploying containers in production:

  • Health checks and self-healing: Kubernetes protects your applications against failures by constantly checking the health of nodes and containers. Kubernetes also repairs and replaces a container when they crash due to an error.
  • Traffic routing and load balancing: DevOps Kubernetes routs traffic to the appropriate containers. This functionality allows Kubernetes to balance load effectively, allowing you to respond to downtime quickly.  

3. Tailored for deployment

Kubernetes DevOps allows its users to speed the process of building, testing, and releasing software. It is optimized for deployment and offers many practical features:

  • Automated roll-outs and rollbacks: Kubernetes allows you to seamlessly roll-out a new version of an app or an update without any downtime. In case of failure, it automatically rolls back.
  • Canary Deployments: This functionality of Kubernetes allows you to juxtapose the previous and the current version of the app.
  • Programming languages and frameworks support: Kubernetes supports a plethora of programming languages and frameworks like Java, Go, .Net, etc. If the environment of a container is suitable to run an application then it should run well on Kubernetes.

4. Passwords and configuration management

Kubernetes DevOps allows you to save sensitive information, such as passwords, OAuth tokens, and SSH keys. You can update and utilize secrets and application configuration without rebuilding your container images and without exposing secrets in your stack configuration.


DevOps with Kubernetes effectively ended the situation where there was a mismatch between the configured environment of a developer and IT. Kubernetes made it convenient for developers to move from development to production, making applications more portable and leveraging orchestration. 

Kubernetes in DevOps showcased a level of handiness that was previously seemed difficult to achieve; it allowed users to develop on one platform and release it seamlessly on another platform. 

When it comes to testing, Kubernetes can allow developers and testing experts to work collectively and solve issues related to bug fixing faster and more accurately. Cases when a bug is reported, developers can swoop in and access the tester’s Kubernetes instance and see the bug instantly. Using this technology for testing can help save time and increase collaboration. Therefore getting in touch with companies that use such technologies can help you boost your project speed and be up to pace with the trending technologies. ImpactQA is a renowned software testing company that can be contacted for projects that require speed in the future.

Get in touch with ImpactQA to get a free consultation over the implementation of Kubernetes DevOps for your next project.


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How to Select a Penetration Testing Provider?

In 2018, findings of research showcased that the network perimeter of 92 percent of companies was breached during external pen-testing. This percentage is quite alarming, keeping in mind the astronomical rise in cybercrime in the past couple of years.

In 2019, the global cost of cybercrime was estimated to be $2 trillion, a 400% increase from the 2015 estimate of $500 billion.

In the modern-day and age where all your personal and financial information is online, Penetration testing has become a tool of paramount importance. 

It helps you to deduce whether your valuable data is safe from malicious parties on the internet. So, it’s safe to say that choosing the right penetration testing service provider is crucial to maintain the health of your organization. But choosing the right penetration testing service provider has become an arduous task as of late.

With cybersecurity becoming a global necessity in the modern climate, multiple players have entered the penetration testing market. This boost has some positive aftereffects, such as the increased availability of penetration testing services, but all is not well. This boost in numbers has saturated the market to a great extent. Making it more time consuming for the user to make the right choice.

To make a timely decision under financial restraints due to the current scenario has become essential for any enterprise.

The contents of this blog will make you do just that!   

Let’s delve into an in-depth analysis of penetration testing. Going through this blog will help you make a well-informed decision. 


What is Penetration Testing?

A penetration test, in a nutshell, helps you to boost the security of your computer system. 

It involves a penetration testing company trying to find all the vulnerabilities in your software application’s security. They do this by simulating an authorized cyberattack on a computer system to evaluate the security of the system. 

 Let’s now look at all the attribute you should consider while selecting a penetration testing provider:


Choose the Right Penetration Test

ImpactQA - Choose the right penetration test Understanding what kind of load and performance testing services are required to fulfill your needs is very important. There are several different types of penetration tests, each providing you with unique ways of probing your applications.

The cost of a pentest can be determined by the extensive knowledge it provides as well as the tools that are used during the entire process. Make sure you pay the right amount for the services you procure. There are three different pentests to choose from:

  • Black box tests- A black-box penetration test determines the vulnerabilities in a system that are exploitable from outside the network. Black-box penetration testing relies on in-depth analysis of currently running programs within the target network.
  • Grey box tests- These tests are performed with typical access or with limited knowledge of the test environment. The objective of this penetration test is to assess the level of security as seen by a valid user of the customer who has an account.
  • White box tests- White box penetration testing involves sharing full network and system information with the tester, including network maps and credentials. This sharing of information helps to save time and reduce the overall cost of an engagement.

It is critical to find a penetration testing service provider that can provide you with a plethora of options.

A tester that specializes in many different Pentests is likely to suggest to you the most suitable option, something that fulfils all your requirements. 


The ability of the Penetration Testing Service Provider

Although certifications are important, they shouldn’t be the only parameter while choosing a penetration testing service provider. The required skill-set and portfolio are more important while choosing the right fit for your enterprise. This is one of the most important parameters to test penetration testing provider.


The Pace of the Testing Process

Many penetration testing service providers prolong the process of testing to such an extent that it delays the time to market of your software.

A timeline should be decided on before you delve into the market. Variables such as the number of tests and the time to market should be decided beforehand.

 Some companies require a notice period of 4-6 weeks, whereas many others can do the job within a couple of days for a premium price.

This parameter is crucial while selecting a penetration testing provider


Proper Documentation of the Process

ImpactQA - Ensuring proper documentation Penetration test reports usually consist of detailed information such as the vulnerabilities that were found during the testing as well as the measures that can be taken to exploit those vulnerabilities. 

Furthermore, it consists of other confidential information. The penetration testing team should ensure that this data remains secure by following a documented process. 

They should make sure that your data is labeled in the proper manner so that it can be distributed to the respective personnel in your enterprise.


Perform Both Manual and Automated Testing

Automated testing has streamlined processes as well as improved effectiveness, but they’re still prone to false negatives. Creating a mix that also involves a manual test is important to iron any irregularities that an automated test might leave behind. 

Many penetration testers pass off vulnerability scans as penetration testing. A vulnerability scan costs less and isn’t as effective as a penetration test. A penetration test, on the other hand, is more thorough than a vulnerability scan and uses many different tools and manual techniques.


Ask Whether they offer Retest Options

After you have fortified your security systems using the reports that you receive after the penetration test. It is very crucial to validate these results by conducting another test.

Many enterprises get penetration testing to strengthen their security, but they never substantiate whether the entire process has repaired all the security flaws.

You should look for a tester that offers the option of retesting your security; to confirm whether the flaws have been successfully patched.

This retest will confirm that your security systems can effectively defend against various malicious hacking attempts.


Ask for Liability Insurance

Before hiring a penetration testing company, ask them whether they are covered by liability insurance. 

Liability insurance is vital as it protects you from any uncertainty or side-effects of enduring penetration testing. For instance, if the penetration testing service provider causes any damage to your software during their testing and invasive activities, insurance will help remedy this damage.

All the legitimate penetration testing companies have an insurance policy that protects you from any risk that a rigorous penetration test might involve.



When assessing a penetration testing services company, there are numerous factors that should be considered. At a minimum, ensure that you exhaustively gauge different penetration testing service providers to ratify the processes they follow while testing your security.

Also, check the skill-set and the certifications of the penetration tester. Go through their portfolios to affirm whether they have worked with an enterprise of your pedigree. Ask them to provide you with a mock report, an in-depth report will allow you to take the right steps to fortify your security. Ask them if they will provide you with a retest, as a retest validates whether your security isn’t susceptible to vulnerabilities that were found in the report.

Lastly, make sure that the vendor provides you with liability insurance. Liability insurance will protect you against any setback that may arise during the pentest.

Finding the right penetration testing service provider isn’t easy, be it for a single project or a long term relationship with your company. It is lengthy and confusing but once you engage with the right partner, it can help you have a long-lasting collaboration. If you are looking for a penetration testing company then ImpactQA can serve as a specialist consultant in helping you through the testing process.


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Compatibility Testing: Types & Processes Involved




How do you determine whether or not the software you are designing will run on a particular browser, device, or network? Such an assessment falls under the category of ‘Compatibility Testing,’ which is a non-functional software testing method. It helps you check whether the software or application holds the capability to run on different hardware, mobile devices, operating systems, etc. Based on customer needs, the parameters involved in a compatibility testing scheme can be customized. To make a particular software app available to a broader audience, it must be in sync with various browser and network environments currently active worldwide.

ImpactQA - Importance of Compatibility Testing

Why Perform Compatibility Testing?

The below-mentioned pointers can understand the main reason why compatibility testing is performed:

  • Compatibility testing is conducted to ensure the concerned app can fulfill expectations related to different devices and models
  • Best way to analyze app behavior when placed in different environments
  • Check app compatibility with other browsers, networks, devices, hardware, operating systems, databases, etc.
  • A convenient way of recognizing errors before the final product launch
  • Dynamic compatibility testing highlights security and workability features to improve app performance
  • Delivery of bug-free software applications that are can ensure success for your business

Types of Compatibility Testing

Based on the popularity factor, the two version-based compatibility test types are:

Forward Compatibility Testing

It is a process to verify the behavior and associated compatibility of the evolved hardware or software compared to their latest versions. This type of compatibility testing is slightly tricky to predict since the changes managed in the newer versions are not fully known.

Backward Compatibility Testing

It is a process to verify the behavior and associated compatibility of the evolved hardware or software compared to their older versions. This type of compatibility testing is predictable since the changes managed in the previous versions are better known.

Categories of Compatibility Testing

As per the current classification order, below mentioned are the different categories of compatibility testing:

Network Compatibility Testing – Under this testing type, the concerned application is analyzed on different networks like 3G, WiFi, 4G, etc., to check various parameters such as speed, bandwidth, etc.

Hardware Compatibility Testing –The act of examining a developed application covering different hardware configurations for ensuring it works on them in the desired manner.

Browser Compatibility Testing – To test the software’s workable nature on various browsers, including Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, etc. Cross-browser testing is an integral aspect of compatibility testing conducted in these modern times.

ImpactQA - Compatibilty Testing PlatformsDevice Compatibility Testing – This compatibility testing method is performed to assess an application’s compatibility with different external devices, including USB devices, Bluetooth, printers, etc.

Mobile Compatibility Testing – An application is examined over multiple mobile devices possessing different operating systems like Windows, Android, and iOS.

Operating System Compatibility Testing –Testing an application or software by running it over various operating systems covering Windows, Linux, Mac, etc.

Software Compatibility Testing –To test an application’s compatibility with other software is practiced these days extensively. For instance, if you use an application to create an MS Word file, this file should open without failing in the MS Office app on your device.

Also Read: 3 Essential Benefits of Compatibility Testing during Digital Shift

Benefits of Compatibility Testing

The primary aim of compatibility testing is to facilitate a satisfactory customer experience. A software or application must operate on all possible variations of browsers, devices, OS, networks, etc. Some of the vital benefits of conducting compatibility testing are as follows:

  • Lesser scope of future customer complaints, thereby, reduced cost of customer support
  • Not only compatibility but testers also get a clear idea about scalability, stability, and usability
  • Better feedback during the testing stage to enhance the development process
  • Compatibility testing helps in pulling more customers to increase enterprise revenue
  • Better reputation and standing for the company within the global market scenario

It is important to note that compatibility testing is conducted using both manual and automated methods. Going by the popular software testing trends, here are the topmost compatibility testing tools used by most professional testers:

BrowserStack –Being a cloud-based automated testing tool, it permits testing applications covering 2000+ real devices & browsers. Using this tool, you get to access multiple pricing plans that can be checked on their official website.

CrossBrowserTesting – This compatibility testing tool offers products, including visual testing, live testing, and automated testing covering multiple browsers. The best part CrossBrowserTesting is that it supports the incorporation of test scripts from both Selenium & Appium.

Ranorex –Ranorex GmbH is the parent creator of Ranorex Studio. It is basically a GUI test automation framework that actively supports Selenium. You can choose different plans for using this tool, which also comes with a free trial period.

LambdaTest –The benefit of LambaTest is related to its offering of multiple browsers and operating systems to perform live testing, automated testing, visual testing, and responsiveness check.


Currently, the importance of compatibility testing as a valuable non-functional testing method helps organizations release quality software applications. Although the price involved in conducting compatibility testing can become slightly expensive, the results are essential to judge the app’s suitability with the global customer base. This write-up offers a clear insight associated with the different compatibility testing types and their operational benefits.

Presently, almost all software testing companies have upgraded their compatibility testing suite since new devices, browsers, and networks are brought into existence as time passes. To maintain an application’s rapport with such factors, it requires precise testing that can be managed by professional testers at any renowned software testing enterprise like ImpactQA. To fix a consultation to satisfy each of your compatibility testing needs, click here.

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How are Neobanks Driving the Future of FinTech?

The market for Financial Technology (FinTech) has transformed majorly since March, with the COVID-19 virus breaking loose at the global level. You might wonder how a pandemic influences FinTech, but since all businesses require finances & banking support, the current financial technology changes are understandable. We have started this new decade where people are ready for the digital transformation that improves their financial lives. Individuals who have maintained decade old relationships with big banks are now open to the idea of ‘Open Bank Movement’.  

According to this arrangement, the financial services industry has backed the emergence of fully-digitized banks known as Neobanks. Also called ‘challenger banks,’ these are viewed as new banking options in direct competition with various legacy institutions.  

What Is The Present Situation Of FinTech?

To be honest, almost everyone from the digital banking space is aiming to establish themselves firmly in the market. So, looking at the most notable challenges faced by digital banks at present, customer growth does top the list. Moreover, the extended targets do focus on profitability and good digital experience, which can now be achieved via Neobanks. This banking model plans to improvise and outshine traditional banking methods for a better future.

“Fin-Tech and banks need a cultural reconciliation: risk appetite and tolerate trial errors” – Hugues Delcourt

You can very well see that the use of disruptive technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), cloud computing, and big-data analytics are systematically merged with Neobanks all around the globe. This straightaway highlights the transforming nature of FinTech and how Neobanks are functioning as a supportive banking model during the coronavirus pandemic. Furthermore, you can analyze a growing belief in this latest digitized financial structure that can smartly tackle the limitations imposed by traditional banking institutions.


ImpactQA - Neobanks & Impact on FinTechWhat is Neobank?

Neobanks can be defined as a modern version of banking services. With traditional banks, you get to access online services; however, the dependency is primarily on their physical branches. But the best part about Neobanks is their ‘digital-only’ financial setup that is gaining quick popularity in 2020.  

If you wish to access the services offered by a Neobank, there is no need to visit the bank’s headquarters to fulfill documentation or meet any representative. Each process with a Neobank is fully digitalized and can be conveniently managed through the bank’s official website or mobile app. The concept of Neobanks was first introduced in the United Kingdom. Post the financial crisis, banks that were struggling to cope with heavy financial losses could not lend money to each other. This situation pushed the government to amend the regulations, thereby permitting Neobanks to generate capital and put in place an online infrastructure before finally applying for a full banking license.  

Neobanks avert the need to spend funds on constructing a physical branch. The main focus is to offer online banking services supported by AI-based risk assessment tools, user-friendly interfaces, fraud detection systems, and chatbots for streamlined customer interactions. Taking the example of Switzerland, which is the world’s most modernized nation for banking, the rising popularity of Neobanks has been carefully demonstrated. Based on the Swiss Payment Monitor (2020), an annual study conducted by the University of St. Gallen and ZHAW (University of Applied Sciences Zurich) School of Management and Law, around one-tenth of 1,200 Swiss residents who were surveyed during the end of 2019 were already associated with new online-banking solutions delivered by Neobanks at least once. One of the prime reasons for choosing Neobanks was the availability of competitive exchange rates preferred by the candidates.  

Neobanks & Their Relationship with Gen Z

The younger generation can very well reap the benefits associated with Neobanks. To be precise, the digitally-savvy category of consumers who want to avoid bureaucracy and desire more flexibility from traditional financial institutions can readily opt for this digitalized banking option. You can easily spot that the current generation is dedicated to online loans that can be managed within a few clicks. This is why Neobanks gain an extra edge since they are characterized by high speed, useful services, and customer-friendly support staff.

ImpactQA - Neobanks & Global GenZWhat makes Neobanks so efficient? Incorporating the latest technology, such as AI and Big Data, proves helpful in self-assessing risks and not hiring any external security testing service. You can view Neobanks among bespoke financial services that are expanding their customer base by appealing clients with low credit scores or no credit history. Unlike the outdated risk assessment model, the upgraded structure of neo-banks stresses multiple factors to assess risk. It includes examining the applicant’s online activity and spending history.

Neobanks for the Underprivileged  

The outburst of virtual banks without any physical presence has initiated new dawn for FinTech. A majority of these banks are equipped with the latest innovation to fulfill the requirements of underserved market sections, including the unbanked and the under-banked. This segment comprises immigrants, small businesses, independent contractors, freelancers, etc. All categorized under one tag: ‘Underprivileged.’ The mentioned user classes had suffered monthly and annual fees due to low account balances and lack of appropriate advice from big banks.   

The overall working model of Neobanks is operated over customer data to present an innovative scheme. It includes the launch of new products and partnerships to attract more customers by serving attractive benefits. Since smartphone usage has risen in the past couple of years, the introduction of challenger banks gets a better platform to outsource banking activity to individuals. We can clearly state that Neobanks are leading the mobile banking revolution supported by flawless design and customer-centric features.

How Trustworthy are Neobanks?

You can surely see Neobanks as a reliable financial model viewed as a revolutionizing weapon in the global FinTech arena. If you are worried that the bank doesn’t possess a physical branch and deals in digital-only services, causing trust issues, try to broaden your perspective! Neobanks is undoubtedly a new idea, but its operations are managed in a highly regulated manner where different companies need to abide by strict security & quality standards. Since everything happens online, cybersecurity is a concern that is smartly self-assessed without the involvement of software testing companies for delivering flawless online banking platforms.

Once all such specifications and quality checks are performed, Neobanks are proven fit to receive a license. At present, Neobanks are investing enormously to ensure fraud detection systems and manage protected authentication. With all these measures put in place, the growth of FinTech does appear promising. To smartly manage security checks for Neobank platforms, you can connect with any renowned software testing company like ImpactQA. Our association with FinTech services is a decade old; therefore, we can relate better with modern Neobanks and their different testing requirements.

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Top 7 Agile Testing Trends to Look Out in 2021

We cannot deny how technology picks up the pace to evolve each year with better things served on the plate. The need for software development and testing has entered an innovative arena where fueling new technologies do play a vital role. This year has seen software development companies stress more on the agility to align better testing approach based on agile principles.

The contribution of Continuous Testing, DevOps, and other factors are expected to uplift agile testing soon. Here are seven crucial agile testing trends expected to impact enterprises wishing for quality software testing in 2021.

Shift-Left Approach 

The shift-left process’s exact meaning is to highlight different types of testing that are conducted parallel to software development. In simple terms, testers combine their efforts with developers to frame test cases. This also includes the incorporation of what-if scenarios. Such tests are later used to streamline development.

According to the usual software development approach, the inclusion of testing is viewed as a blockage to the release process. Testers operate on less time due to compressed schedules, thereby hampering testing efforts and spot errors. However, when testing is shifted left, testers acquire an ample amount of time to test the software’s usability by conveniently teaming up with UI & API developers.

The prime advantages of the Shift-Left Approach are:

  • Reduced time-to-market for early release
  • Quick identification of bottlenecks to avoid software failures
  • Deliver high performing software under minimalistic time

ImpactQA - Agile Testing & Software TestingQuality Engineering 

The dependency on quality engineering is more when you manage testing activities in an agile environment. What is different in quality engineering when compared to quality assurance? Quality engineering deploys continuous testing of the concerned product with the deep involvement of automation. It is ensured that the product is placed under effective testing with a purpose to make it error-free.

The prime advantages of quality engineering are:

  • Deliver quick feedback on the software product since continuous testing is performed covering diverse platforms and operating systems
  • Reduced software failures and availability of early feedback

Agile Test Management

If you ask any of the software testing services, they would confirm the presence of a strong alliance between testers and developers. Such collaboration aims to include how the testing is structured, executed and reported once the results are out.

The inclusion of the Agile test management helps define the processes and tools that permit the overall team to maintain testing progress. Such an arrangement brings together everyone on the same path. For professionals working in distributed environments, a cloud-based test management tool’s availability confirms simplified access to testing information anytime and anywhere.

The prime advantages of agile test management are:

  • Enable team members to trace testing efforts and enhance collaboration
  • reduce the presence of bugs and speeds up the release of high-quality software
  • Trims down feedback latency present between testers and developers; ensuring real-time feedback

Continuous Testing 

The process of Continuous Testing involves repeatedly executing tests that deploy testers into cross-functional teams. This arrangement is helpful in testing functionalities and delivers quick feedback. Continuous testing supports early testing with the incorporation of shift-left, agile test management, and quality engineering.

The prime advantages of continuous testing are:

  • Alleviates software failure concerns by early detection
  • Improves software quality via ongoing reviews and reports
  • Optimize test suites to highlight business risks

Also Read: Testing in Agile with Behavior Driven Development

Lean Portfolio Management 

Lean portfolio management abides a different approach focused on aligning efforts to measure results based on organizational objectives and planning. It primarily follows a continuous process used to allocate work within teams based on feature priority placed within a broader and well-connected strategy.

As per Lean portfolio management, the main emphasis is on the collaboration running from top to bottom, covering factors associated with goal measurement, planning, and work transparency.

The prime advantages of lean portfolio management are:

  • Improves alliance between organizational strategy and individual projects
  • Refines business value to evolve clarity about the software ready for release

ImpactQA - Agile DevOps ApproachDevOps Approach

The concept of DevOps is solely based on lean management. It focuses on merging development and operations to create a practical environment. A DevOps approach seeks to filter out the software development lifecycle to remove waste and speed up software delivery. It is observed that the combination of Agile and DevOps can refine team communication and relationship, thereby reducing software failures. Furthermore, DevOps readily amalgamates continuous testing into the development process to ensure code quality.

The prime advantages of DevOps are:

  • Establishes the right collaborative culture
  • Integrates coding and testing processes by ensuring the testing of each code change
  • Integrates operations within the team with a purpose to lessen downstream testing concerns

Agile Supported by AI & ML

The effective usage of artificial intelligence and machine learning to support agile methods creates a dominant way of data analysis. Such collaboration enables software teams to find better productivity linked to testers and developers. AI & ML together provide real-time information and even offer a clear prediction as to when the project will enter the release phase. The incorporation of futuristic technologies like robotics, IoT, quantum computing, etc, is very much possible with the effective operations of AI & ML in the software development process.

The prime advantages of Agile supported by AI & ML are:

  • Delivers precise insights on better approaches for creating testing code
  • Assessment of code and associated tests to eliminate bugs
  • Incorporation of innovative technologies for augmenting software development & time-to-market

The effectiveness of Agile Testing in today’s embryonic & progressive testing environment cannot be ignored. Hence, matching pace with vital technological upgrades to improve agile testing is the primary motive for most software testing companies. You can get in touch with ImpactQA, a renowned software testing provider to learn more about the various attributes of agile testing.

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How is ImpactQA Revolutionizing Software Testing Industry in this Modern Era

Regardless of the industry, you belong to, the role of technology and its various tools have become an important aspect. In order to acquire higher returns on investment, the software is essential to carry out tasks in a smooth manner. For every business that deals with the development of applications, software quality should be the prime focus. To upkeep this requirement, you have numerous software testing & QA companies which make sure your applications are structured in a full-proof way.

ImpactQA is a leading software testing company that has been showcasing its expertise in the industry for almost a decade. Over the years, the company has smartly adapted to the latest technology trends and business needs to maintain its shining status. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that ImpactQA has been at the foremost of revolutionizing the software testing industry with the active incorporation of certain modernized testing methodologies.

This write-up offers a clear insight towards the contributions put in by ImpactQA within the software testing industry. Let us try to focus on some of the prime techniques that have proven supremely effective:




Digital Transformation

As per the statistics delivered by the World Economic Forum, the market for digital transformation is expected to hit $100 trillion by 2025. ImpactQA has been sound and aware of the changing trends and has utilized digital transformation to augment its software testing suite. The company has been a step ahead with its digital transformation consultancy that offers new digital features that work to polish important features like flexibility and agility of the QA processes.

Over the years, ImpactQA has been supportive of major digital upgrades that have proven effective in pulling more clients from the global front. The company has been pushing its limits in increasing its technology pool with an aim to explore innovative techniques.


Shift towards Performance Engineering

The usefulness of performance testing to assess operational ease for applications is necessary for almost all enterprises. In 2020, the role of performance engineering is slowly gaining higher prominence than performance testing methods. Based on this structure, you get to conveniently evaluate customer experience that helps in better commercial viability.

ImpactQA is among the top software testing companies in the USA that have successfully implemented performance engineering to gauge product performance. In the near future, the company wishes to expand the role of performance engineering within its service offerings by laying more focus on vital elements like the realism of use, customer value, and configuration quality.


Enhanced Role of AI/ML

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in software testing is useful in making the testing efforts grow smarter and efficient. It should be known that AI and machine learning, when applied to test operations, tend to improve problem-solving features. Hence, you get a better hand at automated steps to benefit from advance testing.

ImpactQA has been an ardent follower of AI in software testing. The company has understood its value towards time conservation due to the replacement of manual testing with upgraded automation testing. Moreover, ImpactQA has further strengthened its test suite due to the availability of log analytics, defect analytics and forecast features, all thanks to the involvement of AI.



Cloud & Software Testing Operations

The world is shifting towards cloud computing services as they offer a better and cost effective option. Proper involvement of cloud in software testing allows you to receive in-depth information associated to application, infrastructure, and network.

ImpactQA has built a well-structured arrangement for cloud computing merged with AI-based testing service. The availability of such a refined and modern software testing option permits your applications to run smoothly. The methodology precisely includes deploying the application on the cloud that allows the measurement of dormancy in the best possible manner.

You can connect with ImpactQA for gaining more knowledge about its software testing approach. Each of your queries will be addressed by the professionals for better clarity.  

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Performance Testing Vs Load Testing: Spot Common Differences

One of the primary issues within the software testing industry is the confusion that prevails around performance testing and load testing. It is believed that both are either the same or function as a substitute for one another. To be clear, performance testing helps in the assessment of a system’s performance, whereas, load testing evaluates how the performance varies as different demands are piled on the system.

We will try to form a clear understanding of these two test variants and how they differ from each other. This write-up would prove beneficial in clearing the perplexity surrounding performance testing and load testing.

Introduction to Performance Testing

If we wish to define performance testing, it can be called as a canopy for both stress testing and load testing. It can be referred to as a form of testing that actively validates a system’s performance and its response under stress. You can easily understand performance testing through the below-mentioned pointers:

  • Performance testing helps to verify the error rate and its response when introduced to higher loads.
  • This test variant works to evaluate the average response time for different requests.
  • With the implementation of performance testing, you can analyze how the application behaves when introduced to different types of loads.


Usefulness of Performance Testing

The performance of an application needs to be assessed without any delay. If you deliver an application without a proper performance test put in place, it is susceptible to reflect quality issues. With the implementation of performance testing for an application you can acquire the following aspects:

  • Stability analysis for the concerned software or application.
  • Assess the behavior of the application when treated at a normal load.
  • Scope to improve performance by customizing configurations.
  • Spot performance barriers as early as during the development cycle.

Introduction to Load Testing

The purpose of load testing is to identify the behavior of the application under familiar loads. Hence, it is important to be aware of the load you wish to apply for the application. After fixing this, you can conveniently conduct load testing for the concerned application.

Typically, load testing is initiated in a condition where additional requests strike the application under a specified time gap. Further, you get to increase the count of requests to reach the expected load related to the application. At this stage, testing experts make sure to strike the application for a few more minutes with the purpose to recognize potential CPU or memory issues.



Usefulness of Load Testing

The benefits associated to load testing should be understood for better insight into this comparison. Some of the prime aspects of load testing are as follows:

  • Load testing allows you to acquire a better perceptive about the expected load that hits the target application. This action is useful to understand the application’s limits and smartly avoid the risk of failure.
  • With the implementation of load testing, you get to learn better about CPU time and memory usage of the application. Such data is essential in evaluating crucial factors such as the stability and soundness of the application.
  • The organization is allowed to take necessary precautions for scaling the application considering the count of requests per minute slowly reaches the expected limit. With such precautions, you get the opportunity to lessen the risk of failure.

Differentiators between Performance Testing and Load Testing


  • Performance testing is called as a superset of stress and load testing
  • Load testing is basically a subset of performance testing


The range of performance testing extends from load testing, capacity testing, stress testing, volume testing, spike testing, reliability testing, scalability testing, etc.

The range of load testing is slightly contracted in comparison to performance testing; it includes endurance testing and volume testing.

Load Limit:

  • For performance testing, the load limit is both below and above the threshold point of breakage.
  • For load testing, the load limit is restricted to the threshold point of breakage.

Problems Detected:

  • The deployment of performance testing helps detect performance bugs such as runtime bloat, optimization range, speed issues, etc.
  • Load testing helps you focus on load balancing issues, bandwidth issues, capacity issues, bad response time, etc.

Based on the above pointers, it can be concluded that both performance testing and load testing serve a different purpose within software testing. Their roles are imperative and are directed at benefiting organizations in refining their product offerings. To learn more about the differences between performance testing and load testing, you can connect with testers at ImpactQA.

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Role of Software Testing in DevOps

The actual operational definition of DevOps can be presented as an expansion of agile software development. With DevOps, you get to stimulate simultaneous episodes of software development and testing via an uninterrupted partnership among contributors. Looking at the current scenario, the rate of adoption of DevOps has augmented at a global scale. The effectiveness of this development strategy to improve time to market and responsiveness to customer needs has been the chief motivator  

Currently, the merger of QA testing in DevOps has been readily acknowledged by several technology leaders from around the globe. It not only proves beneficial for bettering business goals but also impacts the development cycle.

Dependability on QA & Software Testing for DevOps

The role of testing in DevOps has several responsibilities that need to be addressed for better insight. Here are a few important pointers you should get familiar with:

  • The inclusion of QA & software testing should be utilized for detecting bugs in the initial stages of the development cycle.
  • QA testing must ensure that the various environments needed for testing processes are standardized and automated.
  • With QA & software testing brought into the picture, bigger problems should be highlighted apart from bug fixes. The act of improving the development process with recommended changes are all part of it.

QA & Software Testing Practices in DevOps

In the recent past, experts have skillfully concluded some of the best DevOps QA practices, which are advantageous for modern business models. Below mentioned are few of the vital QA & software testing practices in DevOps:

  • The quality of the software product should be well-defined. The QA testing model is expected to primarily concentrate on achieving supreme user experience.
  • The QA and testing teams must be brought in collaboration with the technical teams. Their approach should surpass manual functional testing to mainly focus on automation strategies.
  • It is necessary to optimize the goals of the involved teams with a vision to strengthen quality assurance.
  • QA & software testing approach should be majorly inclined towards automated regression testing of decisive areas.
  • QA’s role in DevOps should push the teams to get readily involved in the overall requirements process for properly guiding the development teams.
  • The sole purpose of QA & software testing is based on supporting the use of automation tools for initiating automation testing.
  • To actively deploy continuous integration, all stakeholders need to combine their work regularly.

Importance of Continuous Software Testing in DevOps

In order to properly incorporate software testing in DevOps, it is required to structure an automated test process that is capable of offering feedback on a timely basis. For instance, you need to have integration testing present on the build server, along with functional testing with its utmost requirement on the test server. Furthermore, we must also realize the need for deployment testing on the staging server.

Obviously, there are hindrances in the path of a team’s ability for incorporating DevOps. For instance, test automation does take time and it is not practically possible to automate every plausible test. Therefore, you need to structure a well-defined automation strategy. Your automated test development must focus on critical areas such as key functionality. It surely will prove productive to pick out early defects in new code right before automation, since the bugs might pose difficulties during automated test development.

The usefulness of QA to DevOps is seen as a blessing for streamlining the development cycle. With these above-mentioned practices of software testing in DevOps, you can improvise on SDLC to deliver quality products. For gaining enhanced knowledge about this particular methodology, you can reach out to professional testers at ImpactQA. Each of your questions can be quickly resolved by these efficient testers at the earliest.

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