5 Essential Factors for Successful Functional Test Automation

When people build a product or software, they build it to implement and perform myriads jobs at a time. Functional Testing is, as a result, the all-inclusive procedure by which you determine whether the precise software application performs tasks well or not, for which it was launched or designed. More colloquially, it asks whether the specific software application particularly meets the criteria or requirements. This type of testing is thus what we might rationally think of as the fundamental kind of software testing.

Such testing is done to validate all the functionality of the product. As the name proposes, a functional test is a type of black-box testing that is performed for scrutinizing the functionality of the system or an application or is functioning as expected. It critically involves black box testing and it is not concerned about the app’s source code. Every single system’s function is perfectly tested by giving suitable input, verifying the output and comparing the definite results with the projected results.

This testing encompasses checking of Database, User Interface, security, APIs, client/ server apps and Application functionality under Test. Such testing can be done either using manual or automation. Functional tests are all-inclusive procedure perfectly designed to confirm that all of the components of a piece of code or software function properly. It mainly focuses on testing the interface of the application to guarantee that all user requirements for properly working are met.


In Functional Testing following things are mainly covered:

  • Unit Testing
  • System Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • Interface Testing
  • Smoke testing
  • UATT
  • Regression Testing
  • Sanity testing

5 Essential Factors for Successful Functional Test Automation:

1. Build an adept and fervent team

It would be dreadful to get the manual testing team to work on test automation stringent jobs. The strategy and methods for both are different, and even the end results projected would differ. Test Automation is a focused and dedicated activity to consider, and cannot be mixed. For this reason, it is most important to bring a devoted and fervent team on board for the same.

2. Choose a suitable Test Automation Tools

There are some common points to consider while selecting the best functional test automation tools for proper testing – the underlying objective and the training implicated. It is vital to pick out the most appropriate and active tools that are compatible with the company and the people who would be involved in the testing procedure.

Besides, a test automation framework encompasses a predefined set of guidelines and instructions that guarantee the constancy of the functional testing process, improve reusability, and decrease the necessity to conduct constant code maintenance. Experts have defined several critical factors that define the effectiveness of the test automation framework. As a result, an automation framework should:

  • Reliable and consistent
  • Easy to maintain
  • Allow maximizing test coverage
  • Be scalable for new needs
  • Generate reports of test results

3. Keep the objective in focus for favored results

Again, it is most important and smart decision to keep the objective in focus while constructing the strategy for functional test automation. It is sensible and praiseworthy to start or commence the functional automation testing process by creating the test case in a manual format – gather all the requirements and testing data to build the automation strategy.

4. Understanding and knowing your software or app

Knowing your software or application is also one of the critical steps to consider, understanding the application at one hand and knowing the significant features of the application on the other hand. It will help implement the tool competently and enable right third-party integrations. It will guarantee efficient automation even in the upcoming days. Additionally, it will help identify performance issues, scalability problem, recognize memory leaks, any possible flaws, and more.

5. Automation can’t be answer for all

Automation can solve the main critical complications; however, it cannot be done for everything. Therefore, it is a misconception that if you choose a suitable tool you can automate everything. Such automation tools can just make the process fast and simpler. You will have to loop in and make use of the right processes that can meet the preferred objectives.

Bottom Line

Functional testing is the practice of testing functionalities of the system and makes sure that the system is working as per the functionalities specified. The main aim of this functional test automation is to verify whether the system is functionally wonderful.

Top 10 Automation Testing Tools For 2019

According to the World Quality Report 2018–19 the low level of automation of test activities has turned out to be a critical bottleneck in the further evolution of Quality Assurance & testing. Making use of suitable test automation tools at the right time is crucial to deliver a high- quality product at a fast pace. These tools ensure that the advantages of automation are delivered to the fullest. Automation testing tools are a crucial part of the software development process.

With a variety of open source and commercial test automation tools, selecting the best automation testing tool can become an arduous task. Here is a curated list of best-automated testing tools –these automation testing tools included in this list are selected from three major criteria:

  • Popularity and maturity
  • Supporting API & services testing
  • Offering some Artificial Learning and Analytics Capabilities

1.Selenium

  • Topping the list, Selenium is an outstanding automated software testing tool for testing web applications that is accessible today in the market
  • It automates across multiple browsers like Firefox, Chrome, IE, etc. and enables users to sail through several browser-specific testing purposes. The test script can be easily written in programming languages such as Python, Java, Ruby, C#, PHP, JavaScript and Perl
  • Companies prefer Selenium this automation testing tool as the best one that can be integrated with automated testing frameworks and is compatible with various programming languages.

2. TestComplete

  • It is a SmartBearproduct, an extraordinary test automation tool for mobile, web, and desktop testing. TestComplete is an open test platform that can also be integrated effortlessly with other products contributed by SmartBear
  • TestComplete can also help you create robust, reusable, and automated tests across the web, desktop, mobile, and many devices effectively and easily
  • Silverlight apps can also be tested using TestComplete. It allows testers to create automated tests for iOS, Web, Microsoft Windows, and Android apps.
  • This amazing test automation tool can perform parallel regression testing with automation builds & create steady regression tests

3.Katalon Studio

  • This is an incredible test automation solution for a mobile, web application and web services. Being built on top of the Appium and Selenium frameworks, this tool takes benefits of these solutions for integrated software automation
  • Katalon Studio tool supports various levels of testing skill set. Even Non-programmers can also find it trouble-free to start the test automation project (such as using Object Spy to record testing scripts) while programmers and advanced testers can save time from building new libraries and managing their scripts
  • Katalon Studio can be incorporated into CI/CD processes and performs well with well-admired software testing tools in the QA process counting JIRA, qTest, Git, and Jenkins.
  • Additional features like Katalon Analytics can provide users the comprehensive status of test execution reports through dashboard comprising graphs, metrics, and charts

4.Unified Functional Testing (UFT)

  • UFT is a famous commercial test automation tool for Functional Testing
  • It gives a comprehensive feature set for web services, API, and GUI testing of web, desktop, and mobile apps across varied platforms
  • The is an amazing tool and it has improved reusable test components, image-based object recognition feature, and automated documentation
  • Unified Functional Testing uses Visual Basic Scripting Edition to register automation testing processes and object control. It is integrated with Mercury Quality Center and Mercury Business Process Testing. UFT tool also supports CI thorugh integration with CI tools like Jenkins

5.SoapUI

  • SoapUI is a web service testing tool for Representational State Transfers (REST) & Service-Oriented Architectures(SOA)
  • This automation testing tool is an open source that allows automated functional testing, automated load testing, and compliance testing.
    SoapUI additionally comprises mocking and simulation traits together with web service research
  • It isn’t an automation tool for Web or mobile app testing; however, it can be a great tool to test API & services
  • SoapUI is a headless functional testing tool perfectly designed for API testing. API automation testers can use either the pro edition or open source. The pro version has a user-friendly interface as well as various advanced features like form editor, assertion wizard, and SQL query builder

6.Cucumber

  • This is a famous open source BDD (Behavior Driven Development) tool. Cucumber supports languages such as Java, Ruby, Groovy, Scala, etc
  • Drafting automation test scripts is a joint effort of the developer, testers, and customers. Cucumber supports only the web environment. Test code is written in easy English called Gherkin. Cucumber code can be executed on several test automation frameworks such as Selenium, Ruby, etc


7. IBM Rational Functional Tester

  • It is commercial automated testing tool from IBM. It supports extensive ranges of development environments such as Flex, PowerBuilder, Siebel, SAP, Java, Dojo, and Net amongst others.
  • RFT supports two scripting language VB.Net and Java. Rational Functional Tester (RFT) tool supports regression testing, functional testing, & Data-driven testing.
  • RFT’s other crucial feature is its integration with IBM Jazz apps lifecycle management systems like Rational Quality Manager and IBM Rational Team Concert


8. Tricentis Tosca

  • Tricentis Tosca is a model-based automated testing tool that provides a comprehensive feature set for continuous test comprising analytics, dashboards, and integrations to support DevOps and Agile methodologies.
  • Tricentis Toscaa assists users to optimize the reusability of test assets. Like several other automation testing tools, this test automation tool supports an extensive range of technologies and apps like API, web, and mobile
  • This test automation tool also has exclusive features for risk analysis, integration management, and distributed execution

9. Postman

  • This amazing tool is another automation tool perfectly designed for API testing. Users can install this tool as a browser extension or a desktop app on Windows, Mac, and Linux.
  • Postman is one of the priorities not only among testers for API test automation but also software developers who use the tool to develop and test APIs.

10. Ranorex

  • Ranorex is an incredible commercial automation tool for desktop, web, and mobile testing. This popular tool features advanced traits for GUI recognition, record/ playback, and reusable test scripts.
  • Codeless test creation is one such beneficial feature of this automation tool that allows new testers to learn and apply automation testing to their projects.
  • This advanced automation testing tool also supports Selenium integration for web app tests. Testers can distribute the execution of their automation tests across browsers and platforms using Selenium Grid. Ranorex offers a low-pricing model for enterprises.

The automated tests tools listed above will slash the time spent and further support companies by saving loads of resources. Your choice of automated testing tools should not only meet your current requirements but should also focus on potential trends. With these significant automation testing tools, the enterprises can ensure that all the products delivered are free of any bug and glitches.

You cannot find any real-world software 100% free of flaws or bugs. The best approach is to thoroughly test the software and fix it whenever found. You need an expert and adept software QA testing team you can trust to do that. We at ImpactQA are that team. Contact us; we will be glad to help you.

Why do we need a framework for Automation Testing?

In the present market scenario, enterprises not only want to test Software efficiently but also as rapidly and comprehensively as possible. To attain this goal, companies are turning to test automation. We mainly need frameworks for test automation to standardize the test automation process irrespective of the tool and give effective results.

The test automation frameworks are essentially a set of best practices or guidelines which can be followed in an organized way to attain the preferred result. When it comes to test automation there is the listing of tools available in the market, you can drive all the tools using a single framework and see results. The complete potential of a tool can be extracted using automation frameworks and it also aids in the result accuracy.

Three key technical entities (resources) in the automation project are:

  • Code- script
  • Data
  • Objects and their definition on the AUT
Test Automation Framework
Test Automation Framework

Why do we need the Automation Framework?

Automation Framework is a framework that is formed specifically to give an execution environment for the test scripts. It provides several benefits to the users that help them to develop, execute, & report on automated test scripts effectively. What if the Test script fails for no valid reason? The automation framework helps us catch different recovery scenarios and handle them graciously. Debugging is not a complicated task if you have the framework in place instead of the chaotic collection of Test data & Test Scripts.

Here are some benefits of using an Automation Framework:

1- Scalability- The high-quality automation framework design is scalable when the demand increases for instance- when numerous web pages are being added or data or Objects. The framework should be much quicker to extend to big projects.

2- Easy scripting- The programmer has their specific coding style. With multiple Testers in a team, having a framework in the correct place make sure that best practices and consistent coding are followed to a certain level. It also avoids duplicate coding and assists in streamlining testing projects that involve a software tester’s team working on numerous features of an application.

3- Flexibility and Modularity- The biggest advantage of using an automation framework is its flexibility and modularity. The framework or test automation makes sure that the mountain task is broken down to manageable rocks which can then be reusable as & when needed.

4- Excessive coverage- The automation framework gives us to maintain a huge range of Test data, i.e. coverage in turn.

5- Segregating Tests & Final Configuration- One of the core challenges of manual testing is that it takes enormous time to segregate test script logic. There is also the possibility to commit errors. Though, when the same thing is done on an automation framework it can be done in minutes. The configuration of the tests can be done within a short time because the framework allows the test suites to cover every aspect of apps in the configuration procedures.

6- A degree of re-usability– This is another major advantage of implementing the automation frameworks for test automation. It introduces the re-usability rate. Common library files can be reusable as and when necessary, no need to develop them every single time.

7- Less manual intervention- The automation framework can easily take care of humdrum and pointless manual tasks.

8- Efforts in reporting- The reporting module within the automation framework can easily handle all the report requirements. The automation framework for test automation allows for user-friendly interface and reporting options.

9- Systematic integration- The framework for automation can aid in the current era of continuous integration.

Overall, it has been a revelation for programmers and plays a crucial role in automatic testing procedures.

6 Most Popular Bug Tracking Tools

There is one major challenge that comes with every new app or website, something that tech-savvy people – name “a bug”. And those bugs are giving developers a tough time. Those bugs are the reason, why we require using bug tracking systems to find, document and resolve these bugs. The Quality Assurance Market has seen the emergence of the series of defect management or bug tracking systems tools over the years.

Let’s have a glance at the best Bug Tracking Tools:

  • Trac- Bug Tracking Tool
Trac- Bug Tracking Tool
Trac

It is an open-source and an improved wiki and issue tracking system for particular software development projects. It has been adopted by various enterprises for software development projects. It offers a simple to use web interface. It can be used for documents and management. Trac integrates with high version control systems considering Git & Subversion. It also allows wiki markup in issue descriptions and commit messages and to create relations & references between tasks, bugs, changesets, files, and wiki pages. Trac is a lightweight and stable system; however, you may lose out some of the pioneering features offered by other bug tracking systems.

Type: Free Version

  • Bugzilla- Bug Tracking Tool
Bugzilla- Bug Tracking Tool
Bugzilla

It is a Mozilla Foundation supported web-based bug tracker and pioneering testing tool that permits its users to log and track flaws, bugs, and defects in their product effectively. It is a matured feature-rich app with great features like advanced search capabilities, scheduled reports, bug lists in multiple formats, the capability to file/ modify bugs via email, patch viewer, time tracking, automatic duplicate bug detection, request system, private attachment, and comments, etc. Bugzilla is a widely adapted product used by quite a few big open source projects such as Linux Kernel dev team, Apache dev team, GNOME dev team, and renowned companies like Facebook, NASA, Open Office, etc. and are one of the well-known bug tracking systems.

Type: Free Version

  • ReQtest- Bug Tracking Tool
ReQtest- Bug Tracking Tool
ReQtest

It is an external cloud-based testing tool with bug tracker capacity. ReQtest also offers all-extensive test management features which give the testing team the capacity to detect the advancement of testing in real-time. Its “Agile board” offers an effective method to visualize tasks and collaborate smoothly. It is famous amongst UAT testers and is mostly preferred by big corporations and small teams as well, as it has no hassles associating installation or maintenance.

Type– Free & Commercial versions (Free ReQtest Trial for 10 Days)

  • BugHerd- Bug Tracking Tool
BugHerd- Bug Tracking Tool
BugHerd

It is a web-based bug tracking project management tool. Specifically designed and framed for developers and designers, glitches are well-organized around four major listings: Backlog, To Do, and Doing & Done – enable the testing team to keep up with the status of diverse tasks. The sophisticated tool captures a screenshot of the roadblocks counting the exact HTML component being annotated. When already installed tools such as Pivotal Tracker or Redmine? BugHerd can be incorporated with any of these.

Type– Free Version

  • JIRA- Bug Tracking Tool
JIRA- Bug Tracking Tool
JIRA

It is a popular tool developed by Australian Company Atlassian. JIRA is used for issue tracking, bug tracking, and project management. The fundamental use of this tool is to track the issue, defects, flaws, and bugs related to your software and Mobile applications.

Type– Free & Commercial Versions ( 7-day free trial)

  • Mantis- Bug Tracking Tool
Mantis- Bug Tracking Tool
Mantis

This tool can be simple to use. Mantis not only comes as a web app but possess its own mobile version. Mantis works with several databases like PostgreSQL, MS SQL, MySQL, and integrated with applications like the wiki, RSS feeds, chat, time tracking, and many more.

Type– Free & Commercial Versions (30 days free trial)

These are top 6 defects/ bug tracking tools available in the market– with some of them being an ideal fit for you and the others won’t cut it. In order to choose the accurate tool, it’s vital to consider several important factors like a team’s size and capabilities you require.

Now, which is your most preferred Bug Tracking Tool from the list? If you are using any other defect tracker tool which isn’t listed here. Please share your thoughts in the comments section.

Will CI/CD Change the Testing Scenario Like Agile Did?

We have been seeing a lot of instances in recent times in which the terms Agile, DevOps and CI/CD are used interchangeably. Agility, CI/CD, and DevOps are varied tools, important in its own right and all are used for their intended purposes, plus the outcomes are transformational. Agile, now referred to by some of its manifesto authors as the term agility, is focused on removing process barriers and enabling the key folk like developers and customers, to collaborate more closely on accelerating delivery. Even though agility has come to mean distinct things over the past few decades, its fundamentals remain the same: collaborate closely with customers, remove process barriers, produce working software speedily, and respond to (rather than resist) change. Agile began as a product development innovation as it sparked a corporate approach and process revolution. Agile development laid the logical groundwork for the Lean movement in entrepreneurship, which pushed mainstream business leaders to systematize and manage their business model & product development work around a sequence of experiments, testing significant hypothesis along the way. Agile initially grab attention and turn out popular in the startup world, but soon were embraced by famous business leaders around the world.

Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery
Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery

According to the new study continuous development (generally call CI/CD (continuous integration and deployment) will change the testing world as much as the agile revolution did. But will it? We have a tendency as technical experts to view Agile as an extensive way of talking about our daily standups or SCRUM. However, from the HBR’s point of view, it meant more than that. The claimers say that CI/CD, which they call “continuous development,” will have a great bang and effect, even, and has started in the “bowels of technology companies & startups.” They suggest that only 20% of IT teams are utilizing some form of what they call “continuous development.” Regardless, the also suggest managers to change their mindset and pay attention and find dramatic strategic benefits of successfully implementing Continuous Development: maximize engineering productivity, faster time to market, fix errors quicker and experiment more rapidly.

Maximize engineering productivity- High-quality engineers love continuous delivery environments as they can instantaneously see how their work adds value to the organization.

Faster time-to-market- Customers enjoy the additional advantages of new features sooner. Plus, the developers receive customer feedback on their creative features very rapidly, which leads to better feature that accurately meet client’s needs.

• Run more experiments rapidly- Frequent releases allow companies to constantly experiment with newly added features and test them on various audiences. In few cases, fresh features are deployed in the code and turned off or on for a specific customer segment by using an easy feature flag.

• Fix errors quicker- Because software code is released in small batches, it is simpler to identify the source of any troubles. Even it is also simpler to understand the consequences of an alteration if you’re making lots of simple steps.

So, Continuous Development is a growing buzz in the software industry. For good reason: it signifies the effective method for software development to attain both external and internal objectives. The insight here for business executives is that continuous delivery is more than merely an obscure software development. It represents the significant cultural weapon and competitive advantage in the battle for talent and customer loyalty.