Why do we need a framework for Automation Testing?

In the present market scenario, enterprises not only want to test Software efficiently but also as rapidly and comprehensively as possible. To attain this goal, companies are turning to test automation. We mainly need frameworks for test automation to standardize the test automation process irrespective of the tool and give effective results.

The test automation frameworks are essentially a set of best practices or guidelines which can be followed in an organized way to attain the preferred result. When it comes to test automation there is the listing of tools available in the market, you can drive all the tools using a single framework and see results. The complete potential of a tool can be extracted using automation frameworks and it also aids in the result accuracy.

Three key technical entities (resources) in the automation project are:

  • Code- script
  • Data
  • Objects and their definition on the AUT
Test Automation Framework
Test Automation Framework

Why do we need the Automation Framework?

Automation Framework is a framework that is formed specifically to give an execution environment for the test scripts. It provides several benefits to the users that help them to develop, execute, & report on automated test scripts effectively. What if the Test script fails for no valid reason? The automation framework helps us catch different recovery scenarios and handle them graciously. Debugging is not a complicated task if you have the framework in place instead of the chaotic collection of Test data & Test Scripts.

Here are some benefits of using an Automation Framework:

1- Scalability- The high-quality automation framework design is scalable when the demand increases for instance- when numerous web pages are being added or data or Objects. The framework should be much quicker to extend to big projects.

2- Easy scripting- The programmer has their specific coding style. With multiple Testers in a team, having a framework in the correct place make sure that best practices and consistent coding are followed to a certain level. It also avoids duplicate coding and assists in streamlining testing projects that involve a software tester’s team working on numerous features of an application.

3- Flexibility and Modularity- The biggest advantage of using an automation framework is its flexibility and modularity. The framework or test automation makes sure that the mountain task is broken down to manageable rocks which can then be reusable as & when needed.

4- Excessive coverage- The automation framework gives us to maintain a huge range of Test data, i.e. coverage in turn.

5- Segregating Tests & Final Configuration- One of the core challenges of manual testing is that it takes enormous time to segregate test script logic. There is also the possibility to commit errors. Though, when the same thing is done on an automation framework it can be done in minutes. The configuration of the tests can be done within a short time because the framework allows the test suites to cover every aspect of apps in the configuration procedures.

6- A degree of re-usability– This is another major advantage of implementing the automation frameworks for test automation. It introduces the re-usability rate. Common library files can be reusable as and when necessary, no need to develop them every single time.

7- Less manual intervention- The automation framework can easily take care of humdrum and pointless manual tasks.

8- Efforts in reporting- The reporting module within the automation framework can easily handle all the report requirements. The automation framework for test automation allows for user-friendly interface and reporting options.

9- Systematic integration- The framework for automation can aid in the current era of continuous integration.

Overall, it has been a revelation for programmers and plays a crucial role in automatic testing procedures.

Which are the Frameworks for Automation Testing?

Test automation framework utilizes software for executing tests and after that find out final the end results and the projected results are the same or not. Each and every company needs software testing satisfactorily and fast too. To achieve this, organizations are changing to utilize automated testing strategies and methods. In short, the best framework or Automation Testing is a valuable mix of a few guidelines, coding ideas, coding standards, methodology, practices, hierarchies, modularity, test data injections, reporting mechanism, and so on to build automation testing. In this manner, the client can follow such core principles while automating application to take the advantages of beneficial results.

Types of Test Automation Frameworks

The best framework for automation testing is as follows:

Carina

Carina is chiefly a Java-based test automation framework built on top of the well-admired open-source solutions (TestNG, Selenium, and Appium) which allows reducing dependence on a specific technology stack. Unites every single testing layers: mobile applications (hybrid, native, web), WEB applications, databases, REST services; Assists each common and the famous browsers (Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari) and mobile devices (Android/ iOS) – it reuses test automation code between Android/ IOS up to 75-85%; As far as this framework is constructed in Java, it is cross-platform. Tests may be simply executed both on UNIX or Windows OS.

Selenium

Selenium is an incredibly admired open-source automation testing tool. There are two important parts to Selenium. One is Selenium WebDriver, which is the base framework that assists you to deal things like click buttons, set text in fields, and check values on the screen. Another part is known to be as Selenium IDE, a plug-in for FireFox that you can utilize to record the actions you take and the export them to the language (any) to run later.

Serenity

If you are searching for a Java-based framework that integrates with Behavior-driven development (BDD) tools like Cucumber and JBehave (keep your test scenarios at a high level) while accommodating low-level execution facts in your reports, Serenity (also called as Thucydides) might will be the best tool. This tool is perfectly designed to make writing automated acceptance & regression tests easy. It acts as a wrapper on top of BDD and Selenium WebDriver tools.

Cucumber

It is a Behavior Driven Development (BDD) tool which is used for writing acceptance tests for the web applications. The key qualities are as follows:

  • Fast and easy set up and execution;
  • Allows reusing code in the tests;
  • Cross-platform;
  • Previously implemented in Ruby, extended to Java framework;
  • Both specifications, & test documentation, is uploaded in a sole up-to-date document;
  • Useful for the users not familiar with testing. In short, those who can’t read the code;

Cypress

Compared to other tools on this list, Cypress is a more developer-centric framework that significantly focuses to make TDD a reality for developers. It has a separate architecture than Selenium. The fact is while Selenium WebDriver runs slightly outside the browser, Cypress runs inside of it. It also makes it easy for dropping a debugger into your application, which in turn, makes it easier to use the developer tools while you are developing.

Watir

Web Application Testing in Ruby is the oldest framework which is perfectly designed to support users to automate testing a web browser. Just like Selenium, it is a group of tools. The different library in the WATIR suite offers exceptional functions. Whilst WATIR will only support IE running on the Windows Operating System, you can access many others using an exceptional execution of WebDriver called Watir-WebDriver

Appium

Appium is perfectly designed to test mobile applications. It is built with the plan that you shouldn’t be recompiling your application or modifies it in any way to test it.

Apache JMeter

Apache JMeter is flawlessly designed for load testing and can be used to test performance both on static and dynamic resources, Web dynamic apps. This specific tool can simulate a heavy load on a server, network, or object to test its strength or to scrutinize and calculate overall performance under diverse load types.

Robotium

Robotium is a test framework made to make the task simpler to write powerful and solid automatic black-box UI tests, particularly for Android. With the help of Robotium, developers are able to write system, function, & user acceptance test scenarios covering several Android actions.

These are the top test automation frameworks for 2019. It is always better to automate the testing process to save extra money, effort, time, and lessen the number of testing errors.

Trends of ERP Testing to Watch for 2019

ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems no longer necessitate any sort of introduction. For businesses, investing in a good system no longer is an alternative. It is a necessity. Enterprise Resource Planning systems have been a part of the business software landscape for a long time. Ever since their foray into the world of business, vendors are incessantly evolving them, so they are more powerful, robust, simpler to use, and affordable.

The 5 Major ERP trends that we should consider in 2019:

1.Competition from Disruptors- The Enterprise resource planning behemoths that have conquered the industry are encountering stiff competition from new, often Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)-only startups & the proliferation of fresh trends threatening to upset how enterprises collect and process data, and also operate. Renowned companies like FinancialForce (already having more than 1,300 Enterprise resource planning customers) and Kenandy are creating solutions based on the Salesforce App Cloud to make them alluring to users of the popular CRM and sales automation tool. On the disruption side, data visualization, big data, and artificial intelligence (AI) top the list of newest technologies that threaten to alter the way Enterprise resource planning systems are built and used. Enterprises looking to update their Enterprise resource planning systems in the year 2019 will need to become aware of to how their new prospects handle such trends. Database performance will be the core performance indicator (KPI) for Enterprise resource planning in 2019.

2.Enterprise resource planning, SaaS, & Hybrid ERP- Enterprise resource planning apps are stored on your servers, which mean you are responsible for long-term hardware maintenance, hardware costs and data backup and recovery. SaaS-based applications are stored on cloud-based servers, which are much less costly, very fast to upgrade and scale, and don’t take up clunky servers. Hybrid ERP systems are becoming famous in some sections as long-time Enterprise resource planning customers enjoy the ability to move certain Enterprise resource planning functions to the cloud while sustaining tight, on-premises control over other facets, particularly those most vulnerable to compliance regulation.

3.Focused on Social Media and Digital Marketing- These days, Enterprise resource planning is specifically focused more and more on functions than marketing, but those modules will need to become social media-savvy by the year 2019. Future Enterprise resource planning systems will need to be able to integrate direct marketing & data gathering links across manifold social media channels to remain on the top list and highly competitive.

4.The Internet of Things (IoT) is going to stay- As more and more products and devices become connected to the internet, more data can be instantly funneled into the Enterprise resource planning system, and that’s an advantage that can’t be ignored. This trend offers better oversight over things like the supply chain and appliance performance, and it also gives overall data pool for good decision making.

5.ERP for the Subsidiary- As more Enterprise resource planning systems are being delivered via the cloud, it is becoming far easier to deploy such SaaS-based tools incrementally. Rather than replacing ERP whole-hog, big giant companies are selecting one slice of the business and plugging in SaaS Enterprise resource planning on a trial basis. This approach lets businesses observe SaaS Enterprise resource planning performance to evaluate how it might fit into the existing on-premises Enterprise resource planning implementation—or whether it should replace on-premises Enterprise resource planning throughout the whole enterprise.