Why do we need a framework for Automation Testing?

In the present market scenario, enterprises not only want to test Software efficiently but also as rapidly and comprehensively as possible. To attain this goal, companies are turning to test automation. We mainly need frameworks for test automation to standardize the test automation process irrespective of the tool and give effective results.

The test automation frameworks are essentially a set of best practices or guidelines which can be followed in an organized way to attain the preferred result. When it comes to test automation there is the listing of tools available in the market, you can drive all the tools using a single framework and see results. The complete potential of a tool can be extracted using automation frameworks and it also aids in the result accuracy.

Three key technical entities (resources) in the automation project are:

  • Code- script
  • Data
  • Objects and their definition on the AUT
Test Automation Framework
Test Automation Framework

Why do we need the Automation Framework?

Automation Framework is a framework that is formed specifically to give an execution environment for the test scripts. It provides several benefits to the users that help them to develop, execute, & report on automated test scripts effectively. What if the Test script fails for no valid reason? The automation framework helps us catch different recovery scenarios and handle them graciously. Debugging is not a complicated task if you have the framework in place instead of the chaotic collection of Test data & Test Scripts.

Here are some benefits of using an Automation Framework:

1- Scalability- The high-quality automation framework design is scalable when the demand increases for instance- when numerous web pages are being added or data or Objects. The framework should be much quicker to extend to big projects.

2- Easy scripting- The programmer has their specific coding style. With multiple Testers in a team, having a framework in the correct place make sure that best practices and consistent coding are followed to a certain level. It also avoids duplicate coding and assists in streamlining testing projects that involve a software tester’s team working on numerous features of an application.

3- Flexibility and Modularity- The biggest advantage of using an automation framework is its flexibility and modularity. The framework or test automation makes sure that the mountain task is broken down to manageable rocks which can then be reusable as & when needed.

4- Excessive coverage- The automation framework gives us to maintain a huge range of Test data, i.e. coverage in turn.

5- Segregating Tests & Final Configuration- One of the core challenges of manual testing is that it takes enormous time to segregate test script logic. There is also the possibility to commit errors. Though, when the same thing is done on an automation framework it can be done in minutes. The configuration of the tests can be done within a short time because the framework allows the test suites to cover every aspect of apps in the configuration procedures.

6- A degree of re-usability– This is another major advantage of implementing the automation frameworks for test automation. It introduces the re-usability rate. Common library files can be reusable as and when necessary, no need to develop them every single time.

7- Less manual intervention- The automation framework can easily take care of humdrum and pointless manual tasks.

8- Efforts in reporting- The reporting module within the automation framework can easily handle all the report requirements. The automation framework for test automation allows for user-friendly interface and reporting options.

9- Systematic integration- The framework for automation can aid in the current era of continuous integration.

Overall, it has been a revelation for programmers and plays a crucial role in automatic testing procedures.

5 Best Automation Testing Tools for 2019

Software testing can’t be executed without tools. Below are the top Test Automation Tools that are considered to best address the challenges in automation. 

These tools are selected on the basis of popularity and maturity, supporting API, AI/ML and analytics capabilities.

Selenium

Selenium Automation Tool
Selenium

It is one of the most popular & oldest tools in test automation. It is one of the best tools for web app testing and frequent testing. Selenium Webdriver can be used to carry out powerful browser-based regression automation tests. Organizations prefer Selenium because the tool is compatible with several programming languages and can be integrated with testing frameworks.

Katalon Studio

Katalon Automation Tool
Katalon

It is yet another popular open-source test automation tool for the web & mobile environment. Katalon works on top of Selenium and Appium, thus enhancing the features of those tools like object repository, object spy, user-friendly IDE, and browser plugin. It can also be integrated with other tools like Slack, Kobiton, Jira, qTest, Git, and many more. 

HP Unified Functional Test (UFT)

Unified Functional Testing Automation Tool
Unified Functional Testing

UFT is formerly known as Quick Test Professional (QTP). It is a prominent cross-platform test automation tool.  Unified Functional Test provides functional and regression test automation for software apps and environments. It can be used to automate mobile, web, desktop, net, SAP, Flex, Delphi, PeopleSoft, Siebel, ActiveX, Visual Basic, Java, Oracle, PowerBuilder, Stingray, and several other apps.

TestComplete

Test Complete Automation Tool
Test Complete

It is a functional test automation platform developed by a privately-held information technology company named ‘SmartBear’. It gives software testers the capacity to create automated tests for web, iOS, Microsoft Windows, and Android apps. SmartBear claims TestComplete to be the simplest to use when it comes to automated UI testing. The highlight of this incredible testing tool is that it can perform parallel regression tests with automation builds & create stable regression tests.

SoapUI

SoapUI Automation Tool
SoapUI

It is a tool of ReadyAPI suite, offered by SmartBear. It is a headless functional testing tool exclusively designed for API testing. SoapUI supports both SOAP and REST services. API automation testers can use either the pro or open-source version. The pro edition has a user-friendly interface and quite a few advanced features like form editor, assertion wizard, & SQL query builder.

These tools are considered as the best test automation tools in the market. You can utilize them according to your necessity. If you are using any other tool which isn’t listed here, do share your thoughts in the comments section below.

6 Most Popular Bug Tracking Tools

There is one major challenge that comes with every new app or website, something that tech-savvy people – name “a bug”. And those bugs are giving developers a tough time. Those bugs are the reason, why we require using bug tracking systems to find, document and resolve these bugs. The Quality Assurance Market has seen the emergence of the series of defect management or bug tracking systems tools over the years.

Let’s have a glance at the best Bug Tracking Tools:

  • Trac- Bug Tracking Tool
Trac- Bug Tracking Tool
Trac

It is an open-source and an improved wiki and issue tracking system for particular software development projects. It has been adopted by various enterprises for software development projects. It offers a simple to use web interface. It can be used for documents and management. Trac integrates with high version control systems considering Git & Subversion. It also allows wiki markup in issue descriptions and commit messages and to create relations & references between tasks, bugs, changesets, files, and wiki pages. Trac is a lightweight and stable system; however, you may lose out some of the pioneering features offered by other bug tracking systems.

Type: Free Version

  • Bugzilla- Bug Tracking Tool
Bugzilla- Bug Tracking Tool
Bugzilla

It is a Mozilla Foundation supported web-based bug tracker and pioneering testing tool that permits its users to log and track flaws, bugs, and defects in their product effectively. It is a matured feature-rich app with great features like advanced search capabilities, scheduled reports, bug lists in multiple formats, the capability to file/ modify bugs via email, patch viewer, time tracking, automatic duplicate bug detection, request system, private attachment, and comments, etc. Bugzilla is a widely adapted product used by quite a few big open source projects such as Linux Kernel dev team, Apache dev team, GNOME dev team, and renowned companies like Facebook, NASA, Open Office, etc. and are one of the well-known bug tracking systems.

Type: Free Version

  • ReQtest- Bug Tracking Tool
ReQtest- Bug Tracking Tool
ReQtest

It is an external cloud-based testing tool with bug tracker capacity. ReQtest also offers all-extensive test management features which give the testing team the capacity to detect the advancement of testing in real-time. Its “Agile board” offers an effective method to visualize tasks and collaborate smoothly. It is famous amongst UAT testers and is mostly preferred by big corporations and small teams as well, as it has no hassles associating installation or maintenance.

Type– Free & Commercial versions (Free ReQtest Trial for 10 Days)

  • BugHerd- Bug Tracking Tool
BugHerd- Bug Tracking Tool
BugHerd

It is a web-based bug tracking project management tool. Specifically designed and framed for developers and designers, glitches are well-organized around four major listings: Backlog, To Do, and Doing & Done – enable the testing team to keep up with the status of diverse tasks. The sophisticated tool captures a screenshot of the roadblocks counting the exact HTML component being annotated. When already installed tools such as Pivotal Tracker or Redmine? BugHerd can be incorporated with any of these.

Type– Free Version

  • JIRA- Bug Tracking Tool
JIRA- Bug Tracking Tool
JIRA

It is a popular tool developed by Australian Company Atlassian. JIRA is used for issue tracking, bug tracking, and project management. The fundamental use of this tool is to track the issue, defects, flaws, and bugs related to your software and Mobile applications.

Type– Free & Commercial Versions ( 7-day free trial)

  • Mantis- Bug Tracking Tool
Mantis- Bug Tracking Tool
Mantis

This tool can be simple to use. Mantis not only comes as a web app but possess its own mobile version. Mantis works with several databases like PostgreSQL, MS SQL, MySQL, and integrated with applications like the wiki, RSS feeds, chat, time tracking, and many more.

Type– Free & Commercial Versions (30 days free trial)

These are top 6 defects/ bug tracking tools available in the market– with some of them being an ideal fit for you and the others won’t cut it. In order to choose the accurate tool, it’s vital to consider several important factors like a team’s size and capabilities you require.

Now, which is your most preferred Bug Tracking Tool from the list? If you are using any other defect tracker tool which isn’t listed here. Please share your thoughts in the comments section.

Significance of Automation Testing Over Manual Testing

Software testing has acquired a lot of attention over the past couple of years, mainly because every business wants to have a presence over the internet. Be it a small restaurant in a suburb or a big software developer in Bangalore, businesses is trying to make themselves visible through catchy websites and vibrant mobile applications. More and more companies have started to realize that it is important to ensure that websites and apps remain bug-free and provide services as per the end users’ expectations. This is where ImpactQA, a leading QA and software testing company have come to their rescue.

ImpactQA, through its automated testing guarantees quick and effective testing of software, mobile applications and websites.

Manual Vs Automation Testing
Manual Vs Automation Testing

WHAT IS AUTOMATION TESTING?

Automation testing involves usage of automation testing tools, software and scripts to execute your test case suite. It differs from manual testing, wherein the test engineer has to manually execute the suite.

BENEFITS OF AUTOMATION TESTING

  • Faster execution- Automated testing is comparatively faster than manual testing. Also, it greatly reduces the testing time of upgraded versions of the given product.
  • Cost effective- As mentioned before, test suites may require repeated execution. Since each test suite comprises of thousands of test cases, manual execution would require a lot of manpower, thereby increasing the cost. On the other hand, automated tests get executed quickly and can run unattended.
  • More reliable- Automation testing is more reliable as compared to manual testing as the latter is prone to human error.
  • Repeat-ability- Under manual testing, the test engineer is forced to manually re-execute the previously written test cases while testing an upgraded version of the software, app or website under consideration. As a result, the entire process becomes tedious and time-consuming. Automated testing simplifies the otherwise cumbersome process by automatically replaying the test cases of the unchanged features.
  • Greater flexibility- Automatic playback of previous test cases helps the test engineers to focus upon new and important features.
  • Quick feedback- Faster completion of testing improves the communication of the project team and provides more time to the development team to fix the identified bugs.
  • Faster time to market- Since automation testing shortens the entire testing process; the product gets launched in the market quickly.
  • Increased effectiveness of manual testing- Repetitive, monotonous testing may hamper the creativity and enthusiasm of test engineers. Automation testing helps them to contemplate more crucial issues in an innovative manner.
  • Increased test coverage- Due to constant improvements in automation tools, automation testing has a higher test coverage, covering more features of every new version of the software.

Automation testing has become more popular than its manual substitute due to the ease, efficiency and precision offered by it. Its effectiveness in detecting software bugs has added more credibility to the entire process of testing.

ImpactQA, which is offering its services to some of the most renowned companies in America and India, provides high quality automation testing services to its customers. Its exceptional testing strategy greatly enhances the quality of the software, thus, making it more enticing to the end user and enabling its customers to strengthen their business.

Moving from Selenium to Protractor for Test Automation

Protractor is an end-to-end Testing Framework for testing Angular as well as AngularJS applications. It helps you runs tests against your application running in a real browser, interacting in exactly the same way a user would. The first version of Protractor was released in the month of July 2013, when the framework was just a prototype of a particular testing framework. Google, however, with the support of the testing community, is evolving the framework to follow the evolution of AngularJS and to meet the needs of the community that is using AngularJS.

Why use Protractor over Selenium?

Test Your Application like a User

Protractor framework is built on top of WebDriverJS, which uses native events and browser-specific drivers to interact with your application exactly like a user would. It is based on Behaviour Driven approach which allows even a non automation tester to test the application without expertise in automation tool. Example –

describe(‘angularjs homepage’, function() {
 it(‘should greet the named user’, function() {
   // Load the AngularJS homepage.
   browser.get(‘http://www.angularjs.org’);    
   element(by.model(‘yourName’)).sendKeys(‘Julie’);

   var greeting = element(by.binding(‘yourName’));

   // Used to assert that the text element has the required expected value.
   // Protractor patches ‘expect’ to understand promises.

   expect(greeting.getText()).toEqual(‘Hello Julie!’);
 });
});

Advantages over Selenium

JavaScript automation frameworks involve working on asynchronous execution, callbacks, anonymous functions and promise, which is a sequential activity just like finding an object and perform operations on it. Another advantage of transitioning to Protractor/JavaScript is that both the application and the test codebase would be written in the same language.

For Angular Apps

Protractor provides support for Angular-specific locator bindings, which allows you to test Angular-specific web elements without any need for additional setup effort. It has extra locators compared to selenium webdriver. Examples include model, repeater, binding etc.

Angular JS applications have some extra HTML attributes like ng-repeater, ng-controller, ng-model which are not included in Selenium locators. Selenium is not able to identify those web elements using today used Selenium code. Protractor on top of Selenium can handle and control these operations in Web Applications.

Example –

element(by.model(‘locator’)).sendKeys(‘text’);
element(by.binding(‘locator’)).click();

Automatic Waiting

When it comes to waiting for elements on a web page, there is no need to add waits and sleeps to your test. Protractor automatically executes the next step in your test the moment a webpage finishes all pending tasks. There is no need to worry about waiting for your test and webpage to sync in. Protractor, moreover, also speeds up your testing as it avoids the requirement for a lot of “sleeps” and “waits” in your tests, which in turn optimizes sleep and wait times.

Supports Extensibility

Since protractor is a node.js application, can utilize the wide variety of packages that are available in the node. One can extend the framework or add additional features by installing node packages. For example, if you need HTML report you can just use Jasmine HTML Reporter for the clean code you can install eslint or tslint. Likewise, you can install node packages of your choice.

Supports Control Flow

Application Programming Interface (API) is based on promises, which are managed by control flows and adapted for Jasmine. Protractor APIs are purely asynchronous. It maintains a queue of pending promises, called the control flow, to keep execution organized.

Jasmine System Architecture
Jasmine System Architecture

Asynchronous Behavior

Works on NodeJS, so that the asynchronous process helps to speeding up the execution.
Here is how you it is achieved.
 
1) Promise Manager/ Control Flow

It is an abstraction that makes every action to be called one by one, like a queue. Every action returns a special object – Promise. These represent the result of async operation.

2) Second way – async/await

It is new abstraction around promises objects and allows easily chaining actions one by one. The advantage in this is native language construction, instead of Promise Manager, which makes your code look like synchronized, with try/catch and other familiar constructions.

describe(‘angularjs homepage’, function() {
 it(‘should greet the named user’, async function() {
   await browser.get(‘http://www.angularjs.org’);
   await element(by.model(‘yourName’)).sendKeys(‘Julie’);
   var greeting = element(by.binding(‘yourName’));
   expect(await greeting.getText()).toEqual(‘Hello Julie!’);
 });

“await” is like “suspend code execution until a promise returned from the action is resolved”.

Images and Screenshots

Image comparison is very easy in protractor and it works great. Protractor helps you take screenshots on demand and create them in any place needed. You just need to specify the type of Reporter that you want to use.

Example –

jasmine.getEnv().addReporter(new HtmlReporter(){
this.specDone = function(result){
if(result.failedExpectations.length >  0){
//take Screenshot
}
}
}

Conclusion/ Summary

There is a big world of Protractor out there and there are hundreds of packages available in the market offered by NPM to add more features to your test in addition to simple test scenarios.