6 Most Popular Bug Tracking Tools

There is one major challenge that comes with every new app or website, something that tech-savvy people – name “a bug”. And those bugs are giving developers a tough time. Those bugs are the reason, why we require using bug tracking systems to find, document and resolve these bugs. The Quality Assurance Market has seen the emergence of the series of defect management or bug tracking systems tools over the years.

Let’s have a glance at the best Bug Tracking Tools:

  • Trac- Bug Tracking Tool
Trac- Bug Tracking Tool
Trac

It is an open-source and an improved wiki and issue tracking system for particular software development projects. It has been adopted by various enterprises for software development projects. It offers a simple to use web interface. It can be used for documents and management. Trac integrates with high version control systems considering Git & Subversion. It also allows wiki markup in issue descriptions and commit messages and to create relations & references between tasks, bugs, changesets, files, and wiki pages. Trac is a lightweight and stable system; however, you may lose out some of the pioneering features offered by other bug tracking systems.

Type: Free Version

  • Bugzilla- Bug Tracking Tool
Bugzilla- Bug Tracking Tool
Bugzilla

It is a Mozilla Foundation supported web-based bug tracker and pioneering testing tool that permits its users to log and track flaws, bugs, and defects in their product effectively. It is a matured feature-rich app with great features like advanced search capabilities, scheduled reports, bug lists in multiple formats, the capability to file/ modify bugs via email, patch viewer, time tracking, automatic duplicate bug detection, request system, private attachment, and comments, etc. Bugzilla is a widely adapted product used by quite a few big open source projects such as Linux Kernel dev team, Apache dev team, GNOME dev team, and renowned companies like Facebook, NASA, Open Office, etc. and are one of the well-known bug tracking systems.

Type: Free Version

  • ReQtest- Bug Tracking Tool
ReQtest- Bug Tracking Tool
ReQtest

It is an external cloud-based testing tool with bug tracker capacity. ReQtest also offers all-extensive test management features which give the testing team the capacity to detect the advancement of testing in real-time. Its “Agile board” offers an effective method to visualize tasks and collaborate smoothly. It is famous amongst UAT testers and is mostly preferred by big corporations and small teams as well, as it has no hassles associating installation or maintenance.

Type– Free & Commercial versions (Free ReQtest Trial for 10 Days)

  • BugHerd- Bug Tracking Tool
BugHerd- Bug Tracking Tool
BugHerd

It is a web-based bug tracking project management tool. Specifically designed and framed for developers and designers, glitches are well-organized around four major listings: Backlog, To Do, and Doing & Done – enable the testing team to keep up with the status of diverse tasks. The sophisticated tool captures a screenshot of the roadblocks counting the exact HTML component being annotated. When already installed tools such as Pivotal Tracker or Redmine? BugHerd can be incorporated with any of these.

Type– Free Version

  • JIRA- Bug Tracking Tool
JIRA- Bug Tracking Tool
JIRA

It is a popular tool developed by Australian Company Atlassian. JIRA is used for issue tracking, bug tracking, and project management. The fundamental use of this tool is to track the issue, defects, flaws, and bugs related to your software and Mobile applications.

Type– Free & Commercial Versions ( 7-day free trial)

  • Mantis- Bug Tracking Tool
Mantis- Bug Tracking Tool
Mantis

This tool can be simple to use. Mantis not only comes as a web app but possess its own mobile version. Mantis works with several databases like PostgreSQL, MS SQL, MySQL, and integrated with applications like the wiki, RSS feeds, chat, time tracking, and many more.

Type– Free & Commercial Versions (30 days free trial)

These are top 6 defects/ bug tracking tools available in the market– with some of them being an ideal fit for you and the others won’t cut it. In order to choose the accurate tool, it’s vital to consider several important factors like a team’s size and capabilities you require.

Now, which is your most preferred Bug Tracking Tool from the list? If you are using any other defect tracker tool which isn’t listed here. Please share your thoughts in the comments section.

Significance of Automation Testing Over Manual Testing

Software testing has acquired a lot of attention over the past couple of years, mainly because every business wants to have a presence over the internet. Be it a small restaurant in a suburb or a big software developer in Bangalore, businesses is trying to make themselves visible through catchy websites and vibrant mobile applications. More and more companies have started to realize that it is important to ensure that websites and apps remain bug-free and provide services as per the end users’ expectations. This is where ImpactQA, a leading QA and software testing company have come to their rescue.

ImpactQA, through its automated testing guarantees quick and effective testing of software, mobile applications and websites.

Manual Vs Automation Testing
Manual Vs Automation Testing

WHAT IS AUTOMATION TESTING?

Automation testing involves usage of automation testing tools, software and scripts to execute your test case suite. It differs from manual testing, wherein the test engineer has to manually execute the suite.

BENEFITS OF AUTOMATION TESTING

  • Faster execution- Automated testing is comparatively faster than manual testing. Also, it greatly reduces the testing time of upgraded versions of the given product.
  • Cost effective- As mentioned before, test suites may require repeated execution. Since each test suite comprises of thousands of test cases, manual execution would require a lot of manpower, thereby increasing the cost. On the other hand, automated tests get executed quickly and can run unattended.
  • More reliable- Automation testing is more reliable as compared to manual testing as the latter is prone to human error.
  • Repeat-ability- Under manual testing, the test engineer is forced to manually re-execute the previously written test cases while testing an upgraded version of the software, app or website under consideration. As a result, the entire process becomes tedious and time-consuming. Automated testing simplifies the otherwise cumbersome process by automatically replaying the test cases of the unchanged features.
  • Greater flexibility- Automatic playback of previous test cases helps the test engineers to focus upon new and important features.
  • Quick feedback- Faster completion of testing improves the communication of the project team and provides more time to the development team to fix the identified bugs.
  • Faster time to market- Since automation testing shortens the entire testing process; the product gets launched in the market quickly.
  • Increased effectiveness of manual testing- Repetitive, monotonous testing may hamper the creativity and enthusiasm of test engineers. Automation testing helps them to contemplate more crucial issues in an innovative manner.
  • Increased test coverage- Due to constant improvements in automation tools, automation testing has a higher test coverage, covering more features of every new version of the software.

Automation testing has become more popular than its manual substitute due to the ease, efficiency and precision offered by it. Its effectiveness in detecting software bugs has added more credibility to the entire process of testing.

ImpactQA, which is offering its services to some of the most renowned companies in America and India, provides high quality automation testing services to its customers. Its exceptional testing strategy greatly enhances the quality of the software, thus, making it more enticing to the end user and enabling its customers to strengthen their business.

Moving from Selenium to Protractor for Test Automation

Protractor is an end-to-end Testing Framework for testing Angular as well as AngularJS applications. It helps you runs tests against your application running in a real browser, interacting in exactly the same way a user would. The first version of Protractor was released in the month of July 2013, when the framework was just a prototype of a particular testing framework. Google, however, with the support of the testing community, is evolving the framework to follow the evolution of AngularJS and to meet the needs of the community that is using AngularJS.

Why use Protractor over Selenium?

Test Your Application like a User

Protractor framework is built on top of WebDriverJS, which uses native events and browser-specific drivers to interact with your application exactly like a user would. It is based on Behaviour Driven approach which allows even a non automation tester to test the application without expertise in automation tool. Example –

describe(‘angularjs homepage’, function() {
 it(‘should greet the named user’, function() {
   // Load the AngularJS homepage.
   browser.get(‘http://www.angularjs.org’);    
   element(by.model(‘yourName’)).sendKeys(‘Julie’);

   var greeting = element(by.binding(‘yourName’));

   // Used to assert that the text element has the required expected value.
   // Protractor patches ‘expect’ to understand promises.

   expect(greeting.getText()).toEqual(‘Hello Julie!’);
 });
});

Advantages over Selenium

JavaScript automation frameworks involve working on asynchronous execution, callbacks, anonymous functions and promise, which is a sequential activity just like finding an object and perform operations on it. Another advantage of transitioning to Protractor/JavaScript is that both the application and the test codebase would be written in the same language.

For Angular Apps

Protractor provides support for Angular-specific locator bindings, which allows you to test Angular-specific web elements without any need for additional setup effort. It has extra locators compared to selenium webdriver. Examples include model, repeater, binding etc.

Angular JS applications have some extra HTML attributes like ng-repeater, ng-controller, ng-model which are not included in Selenium locators. Selenium is not able to identify those web elements using today used Selenium code. Protractor on top of Selenium can handle and control these operations in Web Applications.

Example –

element(by.model(‘locator’)).sendKeys(‘text’);
element(by.binding(‘locator’)).click();

Automatic Waiting

When it comes to waiting for elements on a web page, there is no need to add waits and sleeps to your test. Protractor automatically executes the next step in your test the moment a webpage finishes all pending tasks. There is no need to worry about waiting for your test and webpage to sync in. Protractor, moreover, also speeds up your testing as it avoids the requirement for a lot of “sleeps” and “waits” in your tests, which in turn optimizes sleep and wait times.

Supports Extensibility

Since protractor is a node.js application, can utilize the wide variety of packages that are available in the node. One can extend the framework or add additional features by installing node packages. For example, if you need HTML report you can just use Jasmine HTML Reporter for the clean code you can install eslint or tslint. Likewise, you can install node packages of your choice.

Supports Control Flow

Application Programming Interface (API) is based on promises, which are managed by control flows and adapted for Jasmine. Protractor APIs are purely asynchronous. It maintains a queue of pending promises, called the control flow, to keep execution organized.

Jasmine System Architecture
Jasmine System Architecture

Asynchronous Behavior

Works on NodeJS, so that the asynchronous process helps to speeding up the execution.
Here is how you it is achieved.
 
1) Promise Manager/ Control Flow

It is an abstraction that makes every action to be called one by one, like a queue. Every action returns a special object – Promise. These represent the result of async operation.

2) Second way – async/await

It is new abstraction around promises objects and allows easily chaining actions one by one. The advantage in this is native language construction, instead of Promise Manager, which makes your code look like synchronized, with try/catch and other familiar constructions.

describe(‘angularjs homepage’, function() {
 it(‘should greet the named user’, async function() {
   await browser.get(‘http://www.angularjs.org’);
   await element(by.model(‘yourName’)).sendKeys(‘Julie’);
   var greeting = element(by.binding(‘yourName’));
   expect(await greeting.getText()).toEqual(‘Hello Julie!’);
 });

“await” is like “suspend code execution until a promise returned from the action is resolved”.

Images and Screenshots

Image comparison is very easy in protractor and it works great. Protractor helps you take screenshots on demand and create them in any place needed. You just need to specify the type of Reporter that you want to use.

Example –

jasmine.getEnv().addReporter(new HtmlReporter(){
this.specDone = function(result){
if(result.failedExpectations.length >  0){
//take Screenshot
}
}
}

Conclusion/ Summary

There is a big world of Protractor out there and there are hundreds of packages available in the market offered by NPM to add more features to your test in addition to simple test scenarios.

Which are the Frameworks for Automation Testing?

Test automation framework utilizes software for executing tests and after that find out final the end results and the projected results are the same or not. Each and every company needs software testing satisfactorily and fast too. To achieve this, organizations are changing to utilize automated testing strategies and methods. In short, the best framework or Automation Testing is a valuable mix of a few guidelines, coding ideas, coding standards, methodology, practices, hierarchies, modularity, test data injections, reporting mechanism, and so on to build automation testing. In this manner, the client can follow such core principles while automating application to take the advantages of beneficial results.

Types of Test Automation Frameworks

The best framework for automation testing is as follows:

Carina

Carina is chiefly a Java-based test automation framework built on top of the well-admired open-source solutions (TestNG, Selenium, and Appium) which allows reducing dependence on a specific technology stack. Unites every single testing layers: mobile applications (hybrid, native, web), WEB applications, databases, REST services; Assists each common and the famous browsers (Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari) and mobile devices (Android/ iOS) – it reuses test automation code between Android/ IOS up to 75-85%; As far as this framework is constructed in Java, it is cross-platform. Tests may be simply executed both on UNIX or Windows OS.

Selenium

Selenium is an incredibly admired open-source automation testing tool. There are two important parts to Selenium. One is Selenium WebDriver, which is the base framework that assists you to deal things like click buttons, set text in fields, and check values on the screen. Another part is known to be as Selenium IDE, a plug-in for FireFox that you can utilize to record the actions you take and the export them to the language (any) to run later.

Serenity

If you are searching for a Java-based framework that integrates with Behavior-driven development (BDD) tools like Cucumber and JBehave (keep your test scenarios at a high level) while accommodating low-level execution facts in your reports, Serenity (also called as Thucydides) might will be the best tool. This tool is perfectly designed to make writing automated acceptance & regression tests easy. It acts as a wrapper on top of BDD and Selenium WebDriver tools.

Cucumber

It is a Behavior Driven Development (BDD) tool which is used for writing acceptance tests for the web applications. The key qualities are as follows:

  • Fast and easy set up and execution;
  • Allows reusing code in the tests;
  • Cross-platform;
  • Previously implemented in Ruby, extended to Java framework;
  • Both specifications, & test documentation, is uploaded in a sole up-to-date document;
  • Useful for the users not familiar with testing. In short, those who can’t read the code;

Cypress

Compared to other tools on this list, Cypress is a more developer-centric framework that significantly focuses to make TDD a reality for developers. It has a separate architecture than Selenium. The fact is while Selenium WebDriver runs slightly outside the browser, Cypress runs inside of it. It also makes it easy for dropping a debugger into your application, which in turn, makes it easier to use the developer tools while you are developing.

Watir

Web Application Testing in Ruby is the oldest framework which is perfectly designed to support users to automate testing a web browser. Just like Selenium, it is a group of tools. The different library in the WATIR suite offers exceptional functions. Whilst WATIR will only support IE running on the Windows Operating System, you can access many others using an exceptional execution of WebDriver called Watir-WebDriver

Appium

Appium is perfectly designed to test mobile applications. It is built with the plan that you shouldn’t be recompiling your application or modifies it in any way to test it.

Apache JMeter

Apache JMeter is flawlessly designed for load testing and can be used to test performance both on static and dynamic resources, Web dynamic apps. This specific tool can simulate a heavy load on a server, network, or object to test its strength or to scrutinize and calculate overall performance under diverse load types.

Robotium

Robotium is a test framework made to make the task simpler to write powerful and solid automatic black-box UI tests, particularly for Android. With the help of Robotium, developers are able to write system, function, & user acceptance test scenarios covering several Android actions.

These are the top test automation frameworks for 2019. It is always better to automate the testing process to save extra money, effort, time, and lessen the number of testing errors.

BDD (Behaviour-Driven Development) – Nuts & the Bolts

BDD (Behaviour-Driven Development) is an agile development technique which encourages collaboration between Business, Dev and QA. BDD first coined in 2009 by Dan North. It is an extensive approach of Test Driven Development, Acceptance Test-Driven Approach, and Domain Driven Design to snag down their drawbacks.

BDD came in to picture since requirements are often interpreted differently by teams. It leads loss of time in back and forth communication while refining the exact requirements. So as to save complexity in process BDD evolved and currently many organizations have adopted it.

BDD adopts three basic principles:

  • Enough is enough: The sufficient amount of time should be taken for planning, development, and testing.
  • Delivering value with quality: Shooting in the dark does not make sense as it hampers client, stakeholders, and users at the same time. So, proper analysis of requirements is a thumb up which BDD follows.
  • Behavior is the crux: Focuses more on behavior of product that will lead to better delivery and happy customers.

BDD (Behaviour-Driven Development) can be implemented using Gherkin language with BDD tool. Some of the widely used tools which BDD supports are Specflow in C#, Cucumber in Ruby, Freshen in PHP, and Jbehave is in Java.

A question may arise in your mind what is Gherkin? Everything needs a representation so does BDD, hence a form of representation Gherkin is introduced which is easy to understand domain-specific language or simply layman’s language. It defines the structure and syntax of the tests. Moreover, it also supports over 40 languages which boost documentation as well as test cases.

Gherkin Source file format has ‘.feature’ the extension which is commonly known as Feature file. Feature file is so simple which everybody across the board (developer, tester, BA and business) can understand. This feature file contains a list of independent scenarios, written using keywords like Given, When, Then etc. Mapping of requirement with scenarios is done using Feature file.

Now, the next step is binding these readable specifications to machine language which is achieved by using any BDD tool Specflow, Cucumber, etc. These tools convert human readable format into machine code.

How BDD works?

BA/ SME create Feature files in domain specific language then Feature and Scenarios are agreed by Dev, BA and QAE teams. Dev develops code for the same scenarios and QA creates BDD tests using tools and framework. These tests are run as a part of Continuous Integration for every build and finally, it is shared with the entire Sprint team.

Implementation of BDD using Specflow

As described above User Story are the requirements that are tied together. The User story is a scenario where an object performs an activity and end results or state of the activity are validated and tested later.

Once client or stakeholders are done with the requirements, it is converted into Feature files using Gherkin. Feature file is the entry point of the tests which works as the script as well as document. It may contain a scenario or a list of scenarios.

Gherkin has below-mentioned components that are used while writing the executable Scenarios:

  • Feature
  • Scenario
  • Given
  • When, And, Then, but
  • Scenario Outline
  • Examples

Later these Scenarios as converted into Step Definition using Specflow and Selenium. Every line in Feature file transforms into methods and code can be developed using Selenium and C# (depending on what BDD tool is being used). All together when enough Scenarios are covered, it is considered as deployed for all the Sprint teams.

Along with these positive aspects, BDD (Behaviour-Driven Development) holds some downside too. The primary downside is if any requirement is the unclear and User/Client not available to discuss then it becomes difficult to work with unclear feature. Also, clarification among teams consumes a lot of time every so often. On the first side BDD nails down all the leaps in the dark ensuring more successive approach, leveraging it many firms are boosting their client list and projects.