Which are the Frameworks for Automation Testing?

Test automation framework utilizes software for executing tests and after that find out final the end results and the projected results are the same or not. Each and every company needs software testing satisfactorily and fast too. To achieve this, organizations are changing to utilize automated testing strategies and methods. In short, the best framework or Automation Testing is a valuable mix of a few guidelines, coding ideas, coding standards, methodology, practices, hierarchies, modularity, test data injections, reporting mechanism, and so on to build automation testing. In this manner, the client can follow such core principles while automating application to take the advantages of beneficial results.

Types of Test Automation Frameworks

The best framework for automation testing is as follows:


Carina is chiefly a Java-based test automation framework built on top of the well-admired open-source solutions (TestNG, Selenium, and Appium) which allows reducing dependence on a specific technology stack. Unites every single testing layers: mobile applications (hybrid, native, web), WEB applications, databases, REST services; Assists each common and the famous browsers (Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari) and mobile devices (Android/ iOS) – it reuses test automation code between Android/ IOS up to 75-85%; As far as this framework is constructed in Java, it is cross-platform. Tests may be simply executed both on UNIX or Windows OS.


Selenium is an incredibly admired open-source automation testing tool. There are two important parts to Selenium. One is Selenium WebDriver, which is the base framework that assists you to deal things like click buttons, set text in fields, and check values on the screen. Another part is known to be as Selenium IDE, a plug-in for FireFox that you can utilize to record the actions you take and the export them to the language (any) to run later.


If you are searching for a Java-based framework that integrates with Behavior-driven development (BDD) tools like Cucumber and JBehave (keep your test scenarios at a high level) while accommodating low-level execution facts in your reports, Serenity (also called as Thucydides) might will be the best tool. This tool is perfectly designed to make writing automated acceptance & regression tests easy. It acts as a wrapper on top of BDD and Selenium WebDriver tools.


It is a Behavior Driven Development (BDD) tool which is used for writing acceptance tests for the web applications. The key qualities are as follows:

  • Fast and easy set up and execution;
  • Allows reusing code in the tests;
  • Cross-platform;
  • Previously implemented in Ruby, extended to Java framework;
  • Both specifications, & test documentation, is uploaded in a sole up-to-date document;
  • Useful for the users not familiar with testing. In short, those who can’t read the code;


Compared to other tools on this list, Cypress is a more developer-centric framework that significantly focuses to make TDD a reality for developers. It has a separate architecture than Selenium. The fact is while Selenium WebDriver runs slightly outside the browser, Cypress runs inside of it. It also makes it easy for dropping a debugger into your application, which in turn, makes it easier to use the developer tools while you are developing.


Web Application Testing in Ruby is the oldest framework which is perfectly designed to support users to automate testing a web browser. Just like Selenium, it is a group of tools. The different library in the WATIR suite offers exceptional functions. Whilst WATIR will only support IE running on the Windows Operating System, you can access many others using an exceptional execution of WebDriver called Watir-WebDriver


Appium is perfectly designed to test mobile applications. It is built with the plan that you shouldn’t be recompiling your application or modifies it in any way to test it.

Apache JMeter

Apache JMeter is flawlessly designed for load testing and can be used to test performance both on static and dynamic resources, Web dynamic apps. This specific tool can simulate a heavy load on a server, network, or object to test its strength or to scrutinize and calculate overall performance under diverse load types.


Robotium is a test framework made to make the task simpler to write powerful and solid automatic black-box UI tests, particularly for Android. With the help of Robotium, developers are able to write system, function, & user acceptance test scenarios covering several Android actions.

These are the top test automation frameworks for 2019. It is always better to automate the testing process to save extra money, effort, time, and lessen the number of testing errors.

What are the top misconceptions and myths about TDD?

Test Driven Development (TDD) means “Test Driven Development” which is also referred to as test-driven design is a primarily-accepted and broadly acknowledged methodology in the field of software development. It has become well-liked over the last few decades. The primary goal of TDD is to make the code simple, clear, and bug-free. It typically relies on repetitive or tedious unit tests which are executed on the source code being developed. TDD starts with designing as well as developing tests for all functions of an application. The benefits of TDD have been tested on real projects by big giant companies like IBM, Microsoft, and Springer, and they found that such procedure is enormously beneficial. Here are some common misconceptions about TDD (Test Driven Development):

(1) Misconception 1- TDD (Test Driven Development) is a Time-consuming Method

Every single product development team tries to send a feature-rich product under a specific time period and entirely cost-friendly budget. TDD testing is highly effective and creative process to calculate everlasting advantages. In spite of the fact that, incorporating TDD methods in a complicated project is some way or another projected to bungle up pre-chosen due dates. Yet considering it from the other end, we see that a Test Driven Development system implementation actually draws out developer’s productivity and boost the performance of the project. Fundamentally, it reduces the time-consuming procedures by reducing the rate of flaws and defects found during the application deployment stage. All testers concur that later settling is mundane and tricky, which can be repaid by Test Driven Development process.  Any issues in the initial production risk the position and repute of the company in the market. Overall, TDD can reduce customer abandonment, boosts the productivity of the developer, increase the growth factor of your app, and decreases the costs of customer service.

(2) Misconception 2- TDD is a Software Design Technique

The fact is that TDD isn’t a software design technique approach yet it does assists in better software design. By building up the code utilizing the Test Driven Development best practices; it naturally prompts a superior outlined code as it isn’t likely to make significant test cases for a very low-quality code. However, the design of the app still should be taken into consideration by having a reasonable thought of things like data structures, scalability, design patterns, feasibility, and overall system design and architecture considerations.

(3) Misconception 3- Writing all tests before you Start the Code

The reason it is tough for developers to imagine Test Driven Development working is because software design is an iterative, discovery-driven procedure. Contrary to common belief, architects don’t design the entire skyscraper before any work begins. 100% design-up-front is a misconception in every kind of engineering. The design is exploratory. We try something out, throw them away, and try dissimilar things until we achieve something that we like. Now true, if you wrote all tests up front before you wrote a line of execution code, that would hinder the exploration procedure, but that’s not how successful Test Driven Development works. Instead:

  • Write a single test
  • Watch it fail
  • Implement the code
  • Watch the test pass
  • Do again

(4) Misconception 4- Every single thing Needs Unit Tests

Unit tests work perfectly for pure functions — functions which:

  • Given the similar input, always return the same result
  • No adverse effects- (do not mutate shared state, talk to the network, save data, draw things to screen, etc…)

Hence, Unit tests aren’t solely for pure functions, but the less code relies on any shared state or I/O dependencies; the simpler it will be for testing. There are some codes that won’t be easy to unit test. Loads of your code will draw to the screen, capture user input, talk to the network, query a database, and so on. The code responsible for all of that is impure, thus it is tough to test with unit tests. People end up mocking database drivers, user I/O, network I/O, and all sorts of other things in an attempt to follow the rule that your units need to be tested in isolation. Trying to use unit tests for I/O dependent code will cause troubles and those who criticize that test-first is hard are falling into that trap.

To summarize TDD doesn’t replace traditional testing instead, it defines a proven method to ensure successful unit testing. Explore our exceptional Software Testing Services and get better results by utilizing one of them.