Security Testing “THREATS” and “METHODOLOGIES”

There are varied types of security threats that the application or software is prone through that may cost your business enterprise, if not identified. With the progression in technology attackers bang-up some of the innovative and fresh ways to break into the security mechanisms of a system. Hence, it is vital for the testers to be aware of the several kinds of security threats and determine solutions to tackle them.

Here are some of the most common security threats that the expert testers discover during the security testing process:

Threat 1- SQL Injection

Such security attack happens when the hacker inserts degrading SQL statements into the entry field for execution. The aftereffects of SQL injection is sinful as it leads to leakage of classified info from the server database. It can be easily prevented by thoroughly checking the several input fields like comments, text boxes, etc.

Threat 2-URL manipulation

It is the procedure where hackers make the alteration to the URL query string to access information. Applications that use HTTP GET ways to pass critical info between client and server are normally prone to such sort of attack. As such, the tester must change the parameters to find if the server accepts it.

Threat 3-Privilege elevation

In this kind of attack, the hackers can use his/her existing account to increase the privileges to the top levels than what he/she deserves. If the hacker becomes the success in doing so, he/she will use the benefit for running the code and the system will eventually give in.

Threat 4-Data manipulation

It is a type of security attack which includes hackers gaining access to site or application data and makes the modification to it for their own benefits or to humiliate the owner of the website/ app. The hacker does this by approaching the HTML pages of the site.

Threat 5-Unauthorized data access

This is the well-known security attacks where the hacker gains access to data by unauthorized means which comprises:

  • Make use of data-fetching operations to gain access
  • Gaining access to data by evaluating the other’s access
  • Gaining access to reusable client authentication info by keeping track of the success of others.

Threat 6-Identity spoofing

In Identity spoofing security attack, the hackers use the credentials of a valid user or device in order to attack the network hosts, for data theft and to gain the benefits over access controls. IT- infrastructure as well as network-level mitigation are requisite to prevent such attacks.

Threat 7-Denial of Service

It is a major security risk or attack and the attacker aims at making a network or system resource unavailable to the valid users. When software or applications are prone to such threats, the application or the complete system may end up being unusable.

Threat 8-Cross-site scripting (XSS)

Cross-site scripting (XSS) risk allows attackers to insert client-side script in website pages and manipulate them into clicking the URL. After clicking on the URL is done by the users, the code automatically changes the way the website behaves and gives access to the attacker to steal critical information and other personal data.

Some of the security testing tools available for web applications:

  • BeEF (Browser Exploitation Framework)
  • BFBTester – Brute Force Binary Tester
  • Brakeman
  • Vega
  • Google Nogotofail
  • CROSS (Codenomicon Robust Open Source Software) program
  • Ettercap
  • Flawfinder
  • Gendarme
  • Knock Subdomain Scan
  • ZED Attack Proxy (ZAP), etc.

Security Testing: Critical Concepts & Methodologies as follows:

1. Understanding Context: Understanding the rules concerning security compliance and rules of the company and its impact on the use.

2. Pick out the Kind of Security Testing: The testers would then pick out the kind of security testing, after determining the security vulnerabilities and weaknesses lists in the application.

3. Testers will carry out Threat Modelling: The experience and adept testers would then carry out threat modelling, for creating a Threat Profile.

4. Next Step is to create a Test Plan: Creating a test plan to perform security testing after determining the list of vulnerabilities and potential threats.

5. Build a Traceability matrix: A traceability matrix would be created for every single identified risk or vulnerability.

6. Determination and Selection of Security Tool: Selection of a tool to be used for the testing.

7. Execute the Test Case Execution: Testers would then implement the test case after which they would detect the defects.

8. Preparing Test Case: Testers would then create the test case for the security testing.

9. Reports: The final step would be the submission of the final complete report of the security testing, which highlights the list of identified threats, flaws, and weaknesses.

In actual practice combination of several techniques may be used to have a comprehensive assessment of the complete security aspect. At ImpactQA, we provides customized security testing that aid Enterprises deal with immediate security threats to their business operations.

Technology is the new Addiction.

 
Technology is the new Addiction.
Any sufficiently advanced technology is equivalent to magic. – Arthur C. Clarke
 

What is Technology? Is it a helping hand for us? Or is it a substitute meant to replace us in future?
Technology according to us is a very vast term, where even a simple tool/machine like a hand fan is known to be a part of innovation and a big tool like Artificial Intelligence is also studied with equal relevance.
Technology or should we say ease of getting things done has become a part of our DNA. Today, a new born baby within few months, learns to operate an iPad or an iPhone. There used to be a time when young children used to learn how to operate a normal kid’s toy and probably failed at it.
It seems as if today’s generation has some sort of coding embedded in their DNA which enables them to start operating any gadget at an early age.
With advancement in technology, today almost everything is possible. Maximum of the things have been automated and with AI being developed so rigorously, in the future we wouldn’t need Humans to do our work. Everything would be automated.
Cars have become self-aware (Google Self Drive Car), anything you want can be printed in 3D with help of 3D Printers, any color you like can be scanned and picked up to draw or write. Nothing seems impossible in today’s world.

                                                

Despite using science and technology to better our lives, we are the real slaves to technology. We indulge in the need to always have something electronic in our hands – a tool that connects us to the Internet, our games or to our social networks. We’re bypassing the real world to get a digital quick-fix; our work, play and plans for stress release seem to depend on a broadband connection.
Now, fast forward this situation to a decade from now. You see adults sitting around a table in a Wi-Fi-enabled café. Chances are they are not going to be talking to each other, not in the real world at least. At home, fights and arguments will occur a lot more often between spouses due to a lack of communication, and it’s not going to get any better when this generation has kids of their own.
This is the whole point of technology.  It creates an appetite for immortality on the one hand.  It threatens universal extinction on the other. Technology is lust removed from nature. The real danger is not that computers will begin to think like men, but that men will begin to think like computers. Still, we feel that, end of the day human touch or interaction is very important. Future may have 100 different robots for 100 different things but the feeling of a human next to you can never be replaced.

Come to think of it, all of this is already happening right now.
Technology has slowly eased its way into our lives and formed glass walls between individuals who can communicate with each other but instead chose not to.
So, in the end we just hope that computer/robots/gadgets replace humans only for work and gives us more time to be with each other.

To know more visit us at www.impactqa.in
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Data confidentiality!


Say, Information privacy!

As people, we have a tendency to trust even in the scarcest of the point of interest. Ensuring secured delicate information is the final objective of very nearly all the IT firms with efforts to establish safety. Two major objectives for ensuring delicate information are to evade fraud and to ensure protection.
The uncalled for revelation of touchy information can likewise cause mischief and shame to understudies, personnel, and staff, and possibly hurt the notoriety of the Institute. Hence, it is further bolstering everybody’s good fortune to guarantee that delicate information is ensured.

1. Information security is MUST and MAJOR
Information security is essential to all business operations at Atomants. All current and new business and information courses of action ought to incorporate an information security audit to make certain that atomants information is protected from misfortune and secured against unapproved access.
2. Arrange ahead
We make plans to survey our information security status and arrangements and make routine procedures to get to, handle and store the information securely and document unneeded information. Verification of associates is done timely.
3. Realize what information we have
The principal venture to secure registering is to comprehend what information we have and what levels of assurance are obliged to keep the information both classified and sheltered from misfortune.
4. Scale down the information
Keep just the information we require for routine current business, securely document or annihilate more established information, and expel it from all machines and different gadgets (advanced mobile phones, laptops, blaze drives, and outer hard plates).
5. Bolt up!
Physical security is the way to protected and secret registering. All the passwords on the planet won’t recover the so called smart phone if the machine itself is stolen. Move down the information to a safe place in the occasion of misfortune.
 

Get to know security better, contact us at services@impactqa.com or visit www.impact.in