Increasing Importance of Quality Engineering in Software Testing

How can a company win? One of the key criteria is to ensure good quality of its products and services. But the traditional testing and QC paradigm is not enough in the context of emerging technologies. It has proven to be inefficient: if some shortcomings are revealed, the product may have to be redesigned, requiring additional expenses and extra time. That is why something new is being executed in business — quality engineering solutions. Quality Engineering (QE) is the series of procedures by which software quality is analyzed and improved throughout the application or software development lifecycle. It differs from traditional Quality Assurance in that it prevents defects as well as discovers them.

The QE approach implies that every single stage of the product/ software development cycle is under a scrupulous test of quality engineers. Furthermore, the quality maintenance is offered long after the product is delivered. The execution o such strategy in manufacturing or software development procedures guarantees the sufficiency of the output from the very start reduces imperfections, flaws, and reduces potential losses. In other words, quality engineering is the analysis, development, management, and maintenance of diverse systems compliant with high standards.

What are the rewards of Quality Engineering?

With Quality Engineering, the core benefit for your application development cycle is that you are actually making all the proposed advantages of DevOps and Agile more real. Also the teamwork between developers and testers is more real, more in line with the agile ethos. It is also integrated with Test Management solutions so that the outcomes appear on the dashboard instantly, without a human trigger. With shortened release cycles, time to ensure Quality also reduces considerably. Testers have to be involved at the start of the cycle as they will be setting up the testing environment and framework which will be relied upon for all future sprints. Done right, Quality Engineering offers a great deal more speed in testing. It mainly relies more on Test Automation than manual testing. It is hard to imagine a Quality Engineering function that doesn’t have Test Automation at its center. Yet again, done right, it creates more flexibility and speed for the whole development cycle. It is not considered just functional and non-functional testing, but every single layer and integration that can and should be tested.

In current Digital era, a Quality Engineer should have experience in programming and be supposed to be able to write software as the situations demands. While the Software Development team focuses on constantly upgrading the application, the Quality Engineering team main responsibilities are:

  • Setting up new parameters and standards
  • Optimization of test cases, & improving automation efficiency
  • Identification of drawbacks
  • Generating a plan for improvement
  • Plan execution using different tools and methods
  • Assessing & implementing new technologies and tools
  • Following up to make sure that issues have been solved
  • Creating tailor automation solutions to address application specific use cases
  • Create frameworks & accelerators that help scale QE across manifold channels, Enterprise wide.

Quality engineering is driven by emerging technologies like AI (artificial intelligence), Big Data analytics and IoT. Automation is the driving force behind turning the traditional testing into an effectual quality support model.

Bottom line

Performance of the application/ software is of paramount importance. Every outage, crash, drawbacks, and even slowing down of the app or processing/ working on a client request has the potential to impact revenue directly. It is the responsibility of QE team to not only identify such issues, but also work on identifying/removing the root cause of such problems. This demands a sound understanding of app architecture, monitoring tools, several enterprise sub systems that are catering to the app etc. Overall, Quality Engineering team provides substantial insights about the root cause or issue and solved it in the fastest possible manner.

Testing Challenges Scenarios with Real Estate Startups

The majority of the commercial real estate start-ups start utilizing some of the trendy technologies such as intellectual analytics, machine learning, Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, etc. Besides, the frequency and impact of the project complexity factors has evoked the necessity to use software testing technologies that are able to facilitate the process of development, as well as coordinate the software solutions for real estate business. Consequently, Entrepreneurs from different industries have started using the power of advanced new technologies & testing tools to survive and thrive and to bring more efficiency to business processes. Fortunately RE start-ups have adopted plethora of software solutions, so we can observe numerous real estate startups thrives from rent management to virtual home tours.

Challenges of IoT implementation: Subsequent Challenges

a) IoT apps are ridden with manifold, real-time scenarios occurring in combo, which can be very painstakingly difficult or complicated.

b) Determining the scalability scale is at all times a knotty affair. It’s difficult because there are future upgrade concerns.

c) Testing scenarios are monitored and heavily controlled contrasting the real-time situations, which are vulnerable and volatile with millions of sensors and different devices working in synchrony. The fact the IoT apps, which may have scored a perfect score in testing, might fail to bring the best results in the actual ecosystem.

d) With IoT expansion, the security concerns over safety and data integrity persistently grow and are compel test engineers to keep their heads for corrective plans.

The present challenges of IoT implementation are overwhelming, attributable to the highly complicated and exceptional characteristics of IoT apps. This mandates diverse test scenarios for general use, day-long simulations, and peak points, to ascertain if these apps ensure total scalability and performance of the IoT architecture. Generally, IoT test scenarios are classified into 6 types:

1. Performance Testing: This includes real-time and far more cumbersome aspects, such as streaming analytics, load testing, timing analysis, and time-bound outputs to validate and guarantee consistent performance of data writing, data reading, and data retrieval.

2. Security Testing: Handle out an onslaught of data is fundamental to Internet of Things operations, and hence, companies must conduct security testing to remove vulnerabilities and manage the integrity of data. This concludes scrutinizing several aspects of the system, comprising data protection, device identity authentication, encryption/decryption, & more.

3. Functional Testing: It examines the quantitative and qualitative functional deliverability of deployed Internet of Things applications in the actual conditions. Aspects, like environment conditions, network size, and topologies, are put to test.

4. Compatibility Testing: Compatibility Testing assesses if the existing working combination of software, protocols, hardware, and OSs fall on the Internet of Things interoperability radar, and are compatible with the specifications and standards of conventional IoT industrial framework.

5. Scalability Testing: This comprises the testing of all functional as well as non-functional use cases to guarantee whether the system is easy to scale to accommodate future up gradation.

6. Regulatory Testing: Regulatory testing determines the compliance of Internet of Things applications with privacy regulations.

For this reason, it will be important for Real Estate startups to create a great testing strategy to face challenges that molds to their competence and application development requirements.

  • Use the MVP- When you are a startup business looking to make the most of your software testing opportunities, the minimum viable product is going to be the MVP you require. If in case project fails, it does not have to go to production, and major funds can be saved from using the MVP to appraise the overall concept. For startups business, getting the most value out of your hard work is imperative. Building a minimum viable product will cost less money and take less time to produce than create a monolithic program. Startups can’t afford to ignore this major testing strategy and should aim to use it as an essential point for their projects.
  • Invest in helpful resources- In addition to assess and utilize people that can take on testing tasks, these individuals should be provided with the best assets possible that will help them to be successful. It is better to first consider investing in agile test management. In an agile software development environment, collaboration and communication are highly praised, and test management can facilitate such practices. Even if your business starts out small, the test management techniques and tools easily scale along with your company, guarantee that you do not need to pay for added support. It will help teams make vital decisions and quickly patch up bugs in the build.
  • Utilize everyone to test- If you are a startup that has an elite and dedicated tester or QA team provider as a backup, you are miles ahead of the game. However, several startups and smaller organizations may not have the dedicated resources to devote toward Quality Assurance and testing. Software Testing provider like ImpactQA noted that everybody from developers to sales associates and business analysts can contribute to the testing effort. Testers can easily and assess the navigation and functionality of a program. Developers can assess and make changes straight to the code to fix any issues and promote a positive UI/ UX experience. “As a startup, you’ve got to prioritize,”

Automation is another crucial tool that you ought to consider. Not only can automation integration take off some recurring test cases from the workload, but it can also empower your QA team to expend extra time on GUI & exploratory testing. As a startup, you should consider choosing automation testing tools offered by QA Consultants wisely. Fortunately, QA Outsourcing companies in US like ImpactQA offers a wide variety of options, so you will be able to find one that fits your particular business needs.

“Taking the time to thoughtfully craft your testing strategy and the time to modify it as you progress will allow your startup to begin testing in the way that makes sense for you,” Thomson wrote.

Emerging Real Estate Technology Trends 2019

If you look back a decade of progress, Real Estate Business was merely contemplating digital opportunities and embarking on a modern path of website creation, online marketing, and mobile application development. At present Real Estate Domain in its traditional sense makes up a small part of RE Technology landscape. Real Estate Technology, also famous as PropTech, or RE Tech is projected as constant-changing and fastest-growing industry. Ever since 2012, Real Estate Tech Companies have elevated over $43 billion in funding universally. The main types of solution investors are focused on within real estate sector are Software as a service (SaaS) platforms. Companies like Zillow and Trulia are industry leaders in the real estate industry and pretty successful at offering homebuyers with the digital outline of the property, and getting them in touch with realtors and brokers who can complete the contract of deal.

Real Estate Technology Trends

Real Estate Technology is it’s an umbrella term for software platforms and tools used by diverse participants in the real estate industry, including investors, brokers, property owners, real estate-focused lenders, and managers. According to the most recent report provided by Federal Reserve in the year 2014, the real estate field has the maximum value of assets that is projected in $40 trillion. In spite of the impressive number of real estate firms, less than 10% of them have adopted the software application & software testing solutions for real estate. That means real estate tech startups with modern techniques and good products still have a great possibility to become the market leaders.

The second wave of RE technology, “2.0,” has matured over the last 6-7 years, giving boosts to two new categories, tech-enabled services and space arbitrage. The 2.0 wave in RE technology hit a milestone in July 2017 with the successful and thriving IPO of a tech-enabled real estate brokerage- Redfin. This was the first prime real estate tech-enabled services organization to go publically open and did so at a valuation multiple equivalents to pure technologies comp. The bulk of the 2.0 success stories have been businesses which found prospects to progress on the offerings of incumbents and develop at their expense. These companies usually included a technology factor though also implicated significant people-delivered or space-related services to monetize. The expansion of businesses in the space-arbitrage and tech-enabled categories demonstrates also makes it particularly challenging to delineate between traditional real estate and real estate technology. Start-ups in the newest Real estate 3.0 category, which is still in its nascent stages, where the key ‘startups’ are complementary to incumbents and have technology more centralized to their offering or may potentially focused on newest and advanced technologies and tools.

Real Estate: The Synthesis Phase:

Real estate 3.0, which is still in its nascent stages, may potentially look more like real estate 1.0 where the key ‘startups’ are complementary to incumbents and have technology more central to their offering. The themes of this newest phase will likely include:

Internet of Things technology & spatial visualization: Commercial and Home space sensors, construction planning and automation tools.

  • Google’s acquisition of Nest was a precursor to the rising excitement and investment of businesses and consumers in technology to increase their physical space. Eventually impactful for the construction & development industry will be the evolution in virtual reality tools and user intuitive spatial planning tools that could reform how people make decisions.

    RE big data: Leveraging the current gains in the ease of access of large information sets to make decisions on real estate planning and investment.

    Platforms to manage and handle services & purchase: Resources and technology that help people manage real estate transaction services and the equirements of their physical space.

  • Redfin, Zillow, WeWork, along with their segment up-and-comers, have all greatly invested to build multi-service platforms, where clients would select office and home providers though their site, leaving the opportunity for new startups.

    AI in property management and valuation: Property management is essential but can be extremely demanding, especially for agents and landlords that deal with manifold properties.

  • Intelligent homes powered by machine learning and Artificial Intelligence algorithms assists in easing off the pressure by automating jobs like screening tenants, setting the rent, alerting the important contacts at emergency, among others. New-age brokerage firms are applying deep learning capabilities to find quality properties, provide accurate real estate valuations, find underutilized properties, and assists property purchasers to determine the future value of their assets.

The cloud- Another platform with extensive impact takes on the concluding process.

  • Anybody who has ever purchased real estate knows what an inefficient, long, and frustrating procedure this is. Now, thanks to the cloud and improved data management apps, the complete procedure can be streamlined for both residential and commercial purchases — right down to electronic signs. A company that is solving this trouble in a pioneering way is PEXA (Private Exchange Australia), an online property exchange network.

Blockchain- It is the underlying technology behind cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, however, it is not merely the new payment ways that are set to modify the way we do real estate.

  • The blockchain is efficiently a decentralized database, ensuring the integrity of the data and allowing for records to be created for every single property in the nation.

Real Estate Startups have a lot on their plate when considering what trends to capitalize and what procedures will work best for their operations in order to achieve success. There are somehow several roadblocks along the way, but decision-makers in this type of industries must be smart enough to overcome challenges by using evolving technology and by staying on top of emerging trends to better meet user needs. As the technology persistently become more ubiquitous, you can expect home buying to never be the similar again.

As more people hunt for quality apps, startups should look to leverage agile testing methodologies and innovative automation testing solution offered by ImpactQA to completely vet programs & deploys the best possible products. It doesn’t matter, whether your apps are meant for consumer use or internal – your software or app must be tight and functional with no or minimal bugs. Any fixes have to be easily enacted to establish a reputation and keep user loyalty for reliability.

Why Security Testing is important for Real Estate Tech Companies?

Data Security is of supreme importance to users, and even more to Real Estate Tech companies. In the context of global business, convenience of data from anywhere at any point/ moment can pose challenges to companies doing business in different geographies. Organizations are realizing the necessities to make noteworthy investments in their data protection systems and Security Testing has become inevitable to safeguard their confidential and sensitive data. Now the question is why is Security Testing significant? A comprehensive security testing framework manage validation across every single layers of an app. Starting with evaluation and analysis of the security of the application’s infrastructure, it moves further wrapping the database, network, and app exposure layers. Although app and mobile testing serves to assess security at these levels, cloud penetration testing depicts the security gaps in the armour, when the app is hosted in the cloud.

These testing criteria make use of a mixture of automated scanner tools that assess lines of code for security inconsistencies and penetration testing that simulates attack by unintentional access channels. Vulnerability assessment forms a significant element of security testing. Through this, the company can assess their application code for vulnerabilities and take corrective actions for the same. In recent times, several software development enterprises have been making use of secure SDLC (software development life cycle) methods to ensure detection and rectification of vulnerability areas early on in the app development procedure. The significant purpose is to discover the vulnerabilities, and afterward repairs them. The 6 essential security concepts are:

  • Authentication – Establishes the user’s identity
  • Confidentiality – Information should be available to merely those with authorized access
  • Authorization – User should receive a service or perform an action for which he has permission
  • Integrity – A measure intended to permit the receiver to find out that the information which it is providing is right
  • Non-repudiation – Prevent later denial that an act happened
  • Availability – Information & communication services be supposed to be prepared any time, as required

How does Security Testing add value to Real Estate Tech companies?

In today’s modern era with consumers depending excessively on online channels to make transactions, any safety breaches, however minor or major, lead to loss in customer confidence and eventually returns. Besides, the security threats have also grown exponentially, both in excellence & impact potential. In such circumstances, security testing is the only route that assists an organization identify and scrutinize where they are vulnerable and take the corrective actions to control as well as rectifies the security gaps. More and more Real Estate start-up companies are getting the security audits done and testing measures to make certain that their mission i.e. critical apps are shielded from any breaches or unplanned penetration. The more extensive the company’s security testing approaches are, the superior are its chances of succeeding in a progressively more threatening technology scenario.

Data security measures enable an organization to avoid the pitfalls arising from accidental disclosures of sensitive data. Many times, such leakages cost organizations dearly, on account of legal complications arising due to sensitivity of information. Data security measures reduce the compliance cost by simplifying data audit mechanisms and automating them. They also enable the organization to ensure integrity of data by preventing unauthorized usage and modifications. In today’s well connected world, adoption of robust data security processes and methodologies also ensure that the organization is well aligned to the legal and compliance standards across countries – a key decisive factor when it comes to operating across continents.

Final Verdict

Above all, Security Testing helps Real Estate Tech companies to ensure that their sensitive data is not subjected to any violation, destruction, and breach. Every Real Estate company is different in its own infrastructure and related risks that require an in-depth analysis. Security testing practices like vulnerability scanning, security assessment, risk assessments, and penetration testing can be used to discover threats to data security and avert them. ImpactQA offers delivers automated, application security testing that accounts for potential threat analysis, suitable testing methods, and dedicated domain expertise. We assist online service providers and website owners to effectively manage application security threats to ensure an organization’s reputation, customer confidence, privacy of sensitive data, and also trust. It offers an exhaustive security analysis supported by broad reports and dashboards along with corrective measures for the data security challenges. Protecting Real Estate Tech Company’s valuable Information helps in keeping ahead of rival competitors results in expansion of the business into new markets.

Security Testing “THREATS” and “METHODOLOGIES”

There are varied types of security threats that the application or software is prone through that may cost your business enterprise, if not identified. With the progression in technology attackers bang-up some of the innovative and fresh ways to break into the security mechanisms of a system. Hence, it is vital for the testers to be aware of the several kinds of security threats and determine solutions to tackle them.

Here are some of the most common security threats that the expert testers discover during the security testing process:

Threat 1- SQL Injection

Such security attack happens when the hacker inserts degrading SQL statements into the entry field for execution. The aftereffects of SQL injection is sinful as it leads to leakage of classified info from the server database. It can be easily prevented by thoroughly checking the several input fields like comments, text boxes, etc.

Threat 2-URL manipulation

It is the procedure where hackers make the alteration to the URL query string to access information. Applications that use HTTP GET ways to pass critical info between client and server are normally prone to such sort of attack. As such, the tester must change the parameters to find if the server accepts it.

Threat 3-Privilege elevation

In this kind of attack, the hackers can use his/her existing account to increase the privileges to the top levels than what he/she deserves. If the hacker becomes the success in doing so, he/she will use the benefit for running the code and the system will eventually give in.

Threat 4-Data manipulation

It is a type of security attack which includes hackers gaining access to site or application data and makes the modification to it for their own benefits or to humiliate the owner of the website/ app. The hacker does this by approaching the HTML pages of the site.

Threat 5-Unauthorized data access

This is the well-known security attacks where the hacker gains access to data by unauthorized means which comprises:

  • Make use of data-fetching operations to gain access
  • Gaining access to data by evaluating the other’s access
  • Gaining access to reusable client authentication info by keeping track of the success of others.

Threat 6-Identity spoofing

In Identity spoofing security attack, the hackers use the credentials of a valid user or device in order to attack the network hosts, for data theft and to gain the benefits over access controls. IT- infrastructure as well as network-level mitigation are requisite to prevent such attacks.

Threat 7-Denial of Service

It is a major security risk or attack and the attacker aims at making a network or system resource unavailable to the valid users. When software or applications are prone to such threats, the application or the complete system may end up being unusable.

Threat 8-Cross-site scripting (XSS)

Cross-site scripting (XSS) risk allows attackers to insert client-side script in website pages and manipulate them into clicking the URL. After clicking on the URL is done by the users, the code automatically changes the way the website behaves and gives access to the attacker to steal critical information and other personal data.

Some of the security testing tools available for web applications:

  • BeEF (Browser Exploitation Framework)
  • BFBTester – Brute Force Binary Tester
  • Brakeman
  • Vega
  • Google Nogotofail
  • CROSS (Codenomicon Robust Open Source Software) program
  • Ettercap
  • Flawfinder
  • Gendarme
  • Knock Subdomain Scan
  • ZED Attack Proxy (ZAP), etc.

Security Testing: Critical Concepts & Methodologies as follows:

1. Understanding Context: Understanding the rules concerning security compliance and rules of the company and its impact on the use.

2. Pick out the Kind of Security Testing: The testers would then pick out the kind of security testing, after determining the security vulnerabilities and weaknesses lists in the application.

3. Testers will carry out Threat Modelling: The experience and adept testers would then carry out threat modelling, for creating a Threat Profile.

4. Next Step is to create a Test Plan: Creating a test plan to perform security testing after determining the list of vulnerabilities and potential threats.

5. Build a Traceability matrix: A traceability matrix would be created for every single identified risk or vulnerability.

6. Determination and Selection of Security Tool: Selection of a tool to be used for the testing.

7. Execute the Test Case Execution: Testers would then implement the test case after which they would detect the defects.

8. Preparing Test Case: Testers would then create the test case for the security testing.

9. Reports: The final step would be the submission of the final complete report of the security testing, which highlights the list of identified threats, flaws, and weaknesses.

In actual practice combination of several techniques may be used to have a comprehensive assessment of the complete security aspect. At ImpactQA, we provides customized security testing that aid Enterprises deal with immediate security threats to their business operations.