All You Need to Know about the Internet of Things (IoT)

The era of modern technology began in 1973 with Motorola’s invention of mobile phones. Then the idea of ‘ network of networks ‘ came in 1983, and in 1990 it took a more recognizable form. Smart phones took the world to a whole new level somewhere in the early twenty-first century. Every day, the world’s constant increase in technical intensity is becoming smarter, after the smart mobile phones, we’ve made everything around us shrewd. With the Internet of Things, the latest developments in the technical era make things easy to access.

What is the Internet of Things?

Simply put, this is basically the concept of connecting any device to the Internet (or/and to each other) with an on & off switch. This includes everything from headphones, mobile phones, washing machines, coffee makers, lamps, wearable devices, and just about anything else you might think of. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical devices and network connectivity that allows these objects to collect and exchange information.

IoT evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical (MEMS) systems, micro-services, and the Internet. The connection helped to tear down the silo walls between Information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) making it possible to analyze unstructured machine-generated data for insights that drive improvements.

This all depends on your industry: in terms of IoT, manufacturing is perhaps the farthest forward, as it is useful to organize tools, machines, and people, and track where they are. Farmers also turned to connected sensors to monitor crops as well as cattle, hoping to boost their herds ‘ production, efficiency, and health.

The examples are endless, and all we can predict is that connected devices are likely to penetrate most businesses, just like computers and the web. When the efficiencies are with tools or plants, it’s easy to appreciate the potential benefit, but when it’s office workers who are being squeezed for more productivity, it might take a bit of a dystopian shade: imagine your security access card is used to track where you’re in the building, so your boss can totally spend how much time in the kitchen making tea.

How big is IoT?

HP conducted a small survey estimating the rise of connected devices over the years and surprising results. Are we moving towards a world that is fully automated?

These devices will bridge the gap between the physical & digital world to get a better life, society, and industries ‘ quality and productivity. Smart homes are the most awaited feature with IoT catching up, with brands already competing with smart appliances. Wearables are one more feature trending second on the internet. With the launch of Apple Watch and more devices to flow in, these connected devices are going to keep us hooked with the inter-connected world.

An Explosion of Connected Possibility
An Explosion of Connected Possibility

Industrial Internet of Things

The Industrial Internet of Things originally described the IoT (Internet of Things) as it is used in a number of industries, such as manufacturing, logistics, oil and gas, transportation, energy/ services, mining and metals, aviation, and other industries, and in use cases typical of these industries.

Industrial IoT in the above sense was mainly used to distinguish between use cases, actual use and specific technologies as leveraged primarily for manufacturing and, later, other industries on the one hand and IoT enterprise applications and consumer IoT applications on the other.

IOT and its Impact on Testing

So what impact on software testing will the Internet of Things have? What’s going to change? Just as introducing smartphones and mobile apps brought new concerns to testing (including touchscreen gestures, location awareness, and orientation concerns), testing smart devices on the Internet of Things will also require some recalibration. While tests running against computer software involve keyboard and mouse input, smart device testing must take into account the data received from the sensors of the device as well as user input by tapping and typing. It will be necessary to test “in the wild” will be required.

IOT Testing Types
IOT Testing Types

The Internet of Things could restructure the development of software across the board and release it into an intuitive operation in depth. The incredible growth in IoT customer demand is amazing software companies, with many predicting that the Internet of Things will permeate the industry by 2020. While companies were the largest initial IoT consumers, public enthusiasm for mobile computing devices has recently outstripped corporate interest. Consequently, the present challenge is to increase the scope of IoT testing.

Automated testing is essential for IoT testing to be designed, planned and implemented. IoT is set to be a reminder of when mobile phones and tablets started off in the early 2000s with a whole new set of development and testing requirements. IoT brings new software deployment development and testing requirements.

Looking at the innovative onslaught of the Internet of Things one sees mobility and diversity advancing technology. With test integration and automation, QA teams are well-set to design testing procedures to ensure further IoT technology expansion.

But, Is It Safe to Get Things Connected?

The facts say that many development teams for IoT applications do not follow industry best practices to design safe and secure embedded systems, putting all mobile applications and the entire IoT infrastructure at risk. As technology becomes more intertwined with the physical world, the effects of failures in security are escalating. Like a chess game – where simple rules can lead to nearly limitless possibilities – the complexity of IoT interconnections exceeds our ability to unravel them quickly.

6 Core Advantages of Pen Testing to secure the Business

Each Business or Organization works in a distinct way, so the value of conducting a penetration test can differ in each case. The Pen testing (or Penetration Testing) can help companies to find out whether a system is vulnerable to attack if the defenses were enough, and which defenses (if any) the test defeated. Most of the organizations engage with third-party penetration testing service providers to complement their internal development team to recognize security vulnerabilities and meet a series of compliance needs based on their security requirements. Now the question may arise in your mind-What is a Pen test? What does it do for your company? What facts and information can be generated by such tests? How can it be used to support your systems? To start on, we all are aware of the fact that regular maintenance of any system, from putting air in your bike tires to install updates on your phone, will keep those systems to run appropriately at peak performance levels. This logic applies similarly to the Pen test as well, and this is what we will be covering in today’s post.

Pen testing can be tailored to perform at a range of levels. However, at its basic, a pen test will be performed against any company’s public-facing infrastructure. This means that webmail, VPN, websites, etc. will be tested from the viewpoint of an external attacker. External penetration testing is a significant component to a healthy and robust IT security program. This level of testing will assist in identifying and verifying vulnerabilities before they are discovered by a malevolent party. Such tests become more complex and generate more constructive information as the scope of the test expands. Now try to understand the actual Benefits of Penetration Testing for Secure Business:

1.Expose vulnerabilities- Even actions of your employees that could lead to nasty infiltration and data breaches are being researched during penetration tests. A report notifies you of your security vulnerabilities so you know what software and hardware improvements you have to consider or what recommendations and policies would improve the overall security. Pen testing explores existing weakness in your app or system configurations and network infrastructure.

2.Guarantee business continuity- To ensure your business operations are upgraded and properly running all the time, you need 24/7 communications, proper network availability, and access to resources. Every disruption will have a depressing impact on your business. Pen tests expose such potential threats and aid to make sure that your operations do not undergo from unexpected downtime or a loss of accessibility.

3.Helps to assess Security Investment- Such type of testing also assists companies to have the clear picture of the current security flaws/ breaches and now the chance to identify potential breach points. Based on the Pet Testing reports, companies review the exact situation and make the plan for fixing these issues. They understand what requires to be done at what cost to conquer these Vulnerabilities.

4.Preserve corporate image and customer loyalty- Once you have conducted pen tests before the app launches or system networks reaches in the true world. From such type of testing, assessment reports you to have the transparent picture of what all glitches, flaws, security breaches your app or system have that could lead way to hackers to steal their services or customer data. Be it minor or major data breach, it depressingly affects the loyalty and confidence of your customers, partners, and suppliers.

5.Protection from monetary damage- We all knows that a minor breach of the security system can cause huge bucks or damage. Such type of testing can defend your organization from such damages.

6.Guarantee business continuity- If there are no chances of an attack on your system (web app, portal or network), then the organization will continue to run uninterruptedly. Even if there is some Vulnerability, those will be resolved before the real app become available to loyal customers.

So, pen testing offered by ImpactQA will help you to ensure your business operations are up-and-running all the time, you need 24/7 communications, network availability, and access to resources.

Security Testing – Critical Concepts and Attributes

The widespread use and high buzz of software apps in business and everyday life are paralleled by the rise of hacking, security breaches, and virus attacks. Behavioral imperfections and software defects can promote these serious attacks. Some of the security incidents like Apple gotofail flaw, Heartbleed, POODLE attack have taught us that web security can’t be taken lightly and even the best of us are not safe and risk-free from it. Third parties with malicious intent may exploit these vulnerabilities for their own profit. Companies may incur a serious loss of legal and security complications, customer trust, terrible slowdown of business operations and high costs of rectification, as a result. Applications Security testing is a critical QA step for businesses to safeguard their software applications. By testing the application for potential security threats and vulnerabilities, potential external attacks may be pre-empted.

Prime objectives of Security Testing

The objectives of security testing can be:

  • To make certain that the adequate attention is provided to recognize the security risks
  • To confirm the proper functioning of the executed security measures
  • To get confirmation that a realistic mechanism to define and enforce access to the system is in the right place
  • To make sure that adequate expertise exists to perform security testing

Usually, security testing has the following main attributes:

  • Authorization
  • Authentication
  • Confidentiality
  • Availability
  • Non-repudiation
  • Resilience
  • Integrity

Why Security Testing?

System testing, in the modern era, is a must to determine and address web application security vulnerabilities and threats to avoid any of the following:

  • Loss of client trust.
  • Website downtime, time loss &expenditures to recover from damage (restoring backups, reinstalling services, etc.)
  • Disturbance to the online means of revenue collection/generation.
  • Cost associated with securing web apps against future attacks.
  • Connected legal implications and fees to have lax security measures in place.

The main aim of security testing is to find out how vulnerable a system may be and to find out whether its data, as well as resources, are secured from potential intruders. The security testing is mainly carried out to make sure that the software under test is sufficiently robust and performs in an acceptable manner even in the event of a malicious attack.

Increasing Importance of Quality Engineering in Software Testing

How can a company win? One of the key criteria is to ensure good quality of its products and services. But the traditional testing and QC paradigm is not enough in the context of emerging technologies. It has proven to be inefficient: if some shortcomings are revealed, the product may have to be redesigned, requiring additional expenses and extra time. That is why something new is being executed in business — quality engineering solutions. Quality Engineering (QE) is the series of procedures by which software quality is analyzed and improved throughout the application or software development lifecycle. It differs from traditional Quality Assurance in that it prevents defects as well as discovers them.

The QE approach implies that every single stage of the product/ software development cycle is under a scrupulous test of quality engineers. Furthermore, the quality maintenance is offered long after the product is delivered. The execution o such strategy in manufacturing or software development procedures guarantees the sufficiency of the output from the very start reduces imperfections, flaws, and reduces potential losses. In other words, quality engineering is the analysis, development, management, and maintenance of diverse systems compliant with high standards.

What are the rewards of Quality Engineering?

With Quality Engineering, the core benefit for your application development cycle is that you are actually making all the proposed advantages of DevOps and Agile more real. Also the teamwork between developers and testers is more real, more in line with the agile ethos. It is also integrated with Test Management solutions so that the outcomes appear on the dashboard instantly, without a human trigger. With shortened release cycles, time to ensure Quality also reduces considerably. Testers have to be involved at the start of the cycle as they will be setting up the testing environment and framework which will be relied upon for all future sprints. Done right, Quality Engineering offers a great deal more speed in testing. It mainly relies more on Test Automation than manual testing. It is hard to imagine a Quality Engineering function that doesn’t have Test Automation at its center. Yet again, done right, it creates more flexibility and speed for the whole development cycle. It is not considered just functional and non-functional testing, but every single layer and integration that can and should be tested.

In current Digital era, a Quality Engineer should have experience in programming and be supposed to be able to write software as the situations demands. While the Software Development team focuses on constantly upgrading the application, the Quality Engineering team main responsibilities are:

  • Setting up new parameters and standards
  • Optimization of test cases, & improving automation efficiency
  • Identification of drawbacks
  • Generating a plan for improvement
  • Plan execution using different tools and methods
  • Assessing & implementing new technologies and tools
  • Following up to make sure that issues have been solved
  • Creating tailor automation solutions to address application specific use cases
  • Create frameworks & accelerators that help scale QE across manifold channels, Enterprise wide.

Quality engineering is driven by emerging technologies like AI (artificial intelligence), Big Data analytics and IoT. Automation is the driving force behind turning the traditional testing into an effectual quality support model.

Bottom line

Performance of the application/ software is of paramount importance. Every outage, crash, drawbacks, and even slowing down of the app or processing/ working on a client request has the potential to impact revenue directly. It is the responsibility of QE team to not only identify such issues, but also work on identifying/removing the root cause of such problems. This demands a sound understanding of app architecture, monitoring tools, several enterprise sub systems that are catering to the app etc. Overall, Quality Engineering team provides substantial insights about the root cause or issue and solved it in the fastest possible manner.

Testing Challenges Scenarios with Real Estate Startups

The majority of the commercial real estate start-ups start utilizing some of the trendy technologies such as intellectual analytics, machine learning, Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, etc. Besides, the frequency and impact of the project complexity factors has evoked the necessity to use software testing technologies that are able to facilitate the process of development, as well as coordinate the software solutions for real estate business. Consequently, Entrepreneurs from different industries have started using the power of advanced new technologies & testing tools to survive and thrive and to bring more efficiency to business processes. Fortunately RE start-ups have adopted plethora of software solutions, so we can observe numerous real estate startups thrives from rent management to virtual home tours.

Challenges of IoT implementation: Subsequent Challenges

a) IoT apps are ridden with manifold, real-time scenarios occurring in combo, which can be very painstakingly difficult or complicated.

b) Determining the scalability scale is at all times a knotty affair. It’s difficult because there are future upgrade concerns.

c) Testing scenarios are monitored and heavily controlled contrasting the real-time situations, which are vulnerable and volatile with millions of sensors and different devices working in synchrony. The fact the IoT apps, which may have scored a perfect score in testing, might fail to bring the best results in the actual ecosystem.

d) With IoT expansion, the security concerns over safety and data integrity persistently grow and are compel test engineers to keep their heads for corrective plans.

The present challenges of IoT implementation are overwhelming, attributable to the highly complicated and exceptional characteristics of IoT apps. This mandates diverse test scenarios for general use, day-long simulations, and peak points, to ascertain if these apps ensure total scalability and performance of the IoT architecture. Generally, IoT test scenarios are classified into 6 types:

1. Performance Testing: This includes real-time and far more cumbersome aspects, such as streaming analytics, load testing, timing analysis, and time-bound outputs to validate and guarantee consistent performance of data writing, data reading, and data retrieval.

2. Security Testing: Handle out an onslaught of data is fundamental to Internet of Things operations, and hence, companies must conduct security testing to remove vulnerabilities and manage the integrity of data. This concludes scrutinizing several aspects of the system, comprising data protection, device identity authentication, encryption/decryption, & more.

3. Functional Testing: It examines the quantitative and qualitative functional deliverability of deployed Internet of Things applications in the actual conditions. Aspects, like environment conditions, network size, and topologies, are put to test.

4. Compatibility Testing: Compatibility Testing assesses if the existing working combination of software, protocols, hardware, and OSs fall on the Internet of Things interoperability radar, and are compatible with the specifications and standards of conventional IoT industrial framework.

5. Scalability Testing: This comprises the testing of all functional as well as non-functional use cases to guarantee whether the system is easy to scale to accommodate future up gradation.

6. Regulatory Testing: Regulatory testing determines the compliance of Internet of Things applications with privacy regulations.

For this reason, it will be important for Real Estate startups to create a great testing strategy to face challenges that molds to their competence and application development requirements.

  • Use the MVP- When you are a startup business looking to make the most of your software testing opportunities, the minimum viable product is going to be the MVP you require. If in case project fails, it does not have to go to production, and major funds can be saved from using the MVP to appraise the overall concept. For startups business, getting the most value out of your hard work is imperative. Building a minimum viable product will cost less money and take less time to produce than create a monolithic program. Startups can’t afford to ignore this major testing strategy and should aim to use it as an essential point for their projects.
  • Invest in helpful resources- In addition to assess and utilize people that can take on testing tasks, these individuals should be provided with the best assets possible that will help them to be successful. It is better to first consider investing in agile test management. In an agile software development environment, collaboration and communication are highly praised, and test management can facilitate such practices. Even if your business starts out small, the test management techniques and tools easily scale along with your company, guarantee that you do not need to pay for added support. It will help teams make vital decisions and quickly patch up bugs in the build.
  • Utilize everyone to test- If you are a startup that has an elite and dedicated tester or QA team provider as a backup, you are miles ahead of the game. However, several startups and smaller organizations may not have the dedicated resources to devote toward Quality Assurance and testing. Software Testing provider like ImpactQA noted that everybody from developers to sales associates and business analysts can contribute to the testing effort. Testers can easily and assess the navigation and functionality of a program. Developers can assess and make changes straight to the code to fix any issues and promote a positive UI/ UX experience. “As a startup, you’ve got to prioritize,”

Automation is another crucial tool that you ought to consider. Not only can automation integration take off some recurring test cases from the workload, but it can also empower your QA team to expend extra time on GUI & exploratory testing. As a startup, you should consider choosing automation testing tools offered by QA Consultants wisely. Fortunately, QA Outsourcing companies in US like ImpactQA offers a wide variety of options, so you will be able to find one that fits your particular business needs.

“Taking the time to thoughtfully craft your testing strategy and the time to modify it as you progress will allow your startup to begin testing in the way that makes sense for you,” Thomson wrote.